VMware Virtualization VCP vSphere 5

Get ready for VMware's vSphere 5 platform and virtualization solution.

by Greg Shields

Total Videos : 20 Course Duration: 08:11:43
1. Introduction to VMware, vSphere, and the VCP5 (00:35:48)
2. Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions (00:19:29)
3. Install and Configure vCenter Server (00:26:26)
4. Install and Configure VMware ESXi (00:25:38)
5. Configure vNetwork Standard Switches & vSS Policies (00:26:00)
6. Configure Shared Storage for vSphere (00:22:59)
7. Create and Configure VMFS Datastores (00:21:11)
8. Create and Deploy Virtual Machines & vApps (00:30:12)
9. Administer and Migrate Virtual Machines and vApps (00:34:27)
10. Configure VMware Clusters and Resource Pools (00:44:09)
11. Manage Virtual Machine Clones and Templates (00:18:42)
12. Backup and Restore Virtual Machines (00:22:08)
13. Update and Profile ESXi Hosts (00:26:20)
14. Configure vNetwork Distributed Switches & vDS Policies (00:22:39)
15. Secure vCenter Server and ESXi (00:16:56)
16. Plan and Implement VMware Fault Tolerance (00:17:12)
17. Configure the vSphere Storage Appliance (00:21:03)
18. Perform Basic vSphere Troubleshooting (00:17:22)
19. Monitor vCenter and Administer Alarms (00:28:13)
20. Plan and Perform vCenter Server and ESXi Upgrades (00:14:49)
VMware's vSphere 5 is an enterprise-ready virtualization solution. Trainer Greg Shields will introduce you to VMware and vSphere, preparing you for the VMware vSphere 5 certification, Certified Professional 5, or VCP5, exam. You won't just have what it takes to take the exam, you'll learn career-critical virtualization skills in this Nugget series.

Related area of expertise:
  • Virtualization

Introduction to VMware, vSphere, and the VCP5

00:00:00 - Welcome to CBT Nuggets' Mastering VMware vSphere
00:00:04 - Version five. I'm Greg Shields.
00:00:07 - Let me guess what's probably going on right now. Maybe you were sitting
00:00:11 - around working with your group policy, maybe swiping out a network
00:00:15 - card, just doing whatever is that involved with the tasks of
00:00:19 - IT. Someone walks up to your desk and slopes down some
00:00:23 - CDs and DVDs for a new piece of software called VMware vSphere.
00:00:27 - And all of a sudden out of nowhere you're being elevated from
00:00:32 - the good old traditional IT world of physical computers and
00:00:36 - servers and desktops and you're being asked to quickly become
00:00:40 - educated become quickly involved in this whole world of virtualization.
00:00:44 - You probably spent some time looking virtualization.
00:00:46 - You're probably familiar with it. You can't read anywhere in the IT
00:00:49 - press these days without coming across an article or two
00:00:53 - on virtualization itself. But really getting down into the click
00:00:57 - by click of how you would design and construct and operate
00:01:02 - and make sure that that whole virtualization environment stays running
00:01:06 - over the extended period of time, now that may not be something
00:01:09 - that necessarily you have a lot of experience with. And so consequently
00:01:13 - you've decided I'm going to go and learn this thing. Well I'm glad you have. As I
00:01:17 - mentioned my name is Greg Shields and I've been working with virtualization since
00:01:20 - its very beginnings. And I have the unique opportunity to once
00:01:24 - again put together a video training series here with CBT Nuggets
00:01:28 - to assist you with mastering this new technology that we think
00:01:31 - of as VMware vSphere. I've put together twenty of these
00:01:35 - different nuggets, where essentially you and I are going to
00:01:38 - spend some time going through that whole design, build and
00:01:43 - operate activity as it relates to vSphere.
00:01:47 - And I hope that over the extended period of time that I can
00:01:49 - spend some time helping you understand how to make good decisions
00:01:55 - whatever you do this in production. And also if you plan on
00:01:58 - taking that VCP examination, how
00:02:02 - to be successful on that VCP examination. In this series
00:02:07 - we're going to spend some time talking about a whole series of topics, right.
00:02:11 - I want you to help.
00:02:12 - First and foremost I want you to understand really why virtualization
00:02:16 - has really, really gone from this amazing cool thing that no
00:02:21 - one really understands to just something that you do.
00:02:25 - Virtualization is rapid dominance at the Datacenter has occurred over
00:02:28 - an extremely fast period of time. It really wasn't that many years
00:02:32 - ago when all of our servers were physical boxes and we were marching
00:02:35 - into the datacenter to make any changes to them. But the
00:02:39 - incorporation and the embrace of virtualization almost universally
00:02:43 - across IT organizations is a testament to just the benefits that it can
00:02:48 - provide to both you as an IT person and also as your businesses,
00:02:53 - some one needing to accomplish something with the benefits
00:02:57 - of computing.
00:02:59 - So this series attempts to kind of solve two things. First
00:03:03 - and foremost it tends to help you understand how to build, configure
00:03:06 - and operate vSphere. By the end of this you're going to hopefully
00:03:09 - understand all of the different, the real vulgarities associated
00:03:13 - with working with vSphere and the buttons you need to click
00:03:16 - and all that sort of click here, click here sort of stuff,
00:03:20 - that's required to put a vCenter environment up in operations.
00:03:26 - Now the second piece of this is also understanding hopefully
00:03:29 - for myself just the things that I've learned over the years
00:03:34 - that I can hopefully in part to you, that are good decisions,
00:03:38 - good ways to implement things. Best practices for implementing
00:03:42 - vSphere, because vSphere there are a lot of moving
00:03:45 - parts. And you can connect those moving parts and a lot of incorrect
00:03:50 - ways and there only a few really correct ways that will ensure
00:03:55 - that you are successful both in the short run as as your environment
00:03:59 - grows over time. So I hope to be able to come to share with
00:04:02 - you what I learned over the years and help you be successful
00:04:05 - there. And then thirdly also is prepping for that all important
00:04:08 - the VCB exam.
00:04:10 - Now the VM certified professional exam is a certification
00:04:15 - exam obviously from VMware, it's a single exam. I would
00:04:19 - highly recommend dropping by VMware.com and picking up the
00:04:23 - VCP5 Exam Blueprint. Now the Exam Bluerprint, an excellent document,
00:04:29 - an excellent piece of work. VMware has done a really good job of outlining
00:04:34 - step by step and task by task all the things that you've
00:04:38 - got to know in order to be able to take that exam. And you
00:04:41 - know if you're not interested in the exam, if taking that
00:04:46 - exam is not something that is going to be useful for you or your
00:04:49 - career don't worry because the focus here is not necessarily
00:04:54 - specifically getting you ready for those questions. The focus here
00:04:58 - is helping understand what virtualization is and how it works
00:05:01 - best with vSphere. But along the way
00:05:06 - you may make mention from time to time where certain elements are
00:05:09 - just good to know because they tend to be noted on the
00:05:14 - exam, they intend to be exam type things. And so if you are intending
00:05:19 - on taking the exam take a look at that the VCP Exam Blueprint
00:05:22 - down there. It's on VMware.com, it's on their education
00:05:25 - certification location where you can learn very specifically
00:05:29 - what you need to know.
00:05:31 - You will find that the items that Blueprint so that the
00:05:36 - breakdown structure of all the knowledge that you need to know,
00:05:40 - I have kind of taken the information from that document.
00:05:45 - Re-factored it into a slightly better story line, but you'll see
00:05:49 - kind of the same actions found here in this training series
00:05:52 - they kind will see inside of the Blueprint and part of that's purposeful,
00:05:56 - because the exam intends to validate that you know what
00:06:01 - you need to know. But in order to get there you've probably
00:06:04 - got to know those things also and so kind of generally aligning
00:06:09 - how you will construct your vSphere environment according to
00:06:12 - that Blueprint. In a lot of ways assists you down solving both
00:06:16 - of those goals.
00:06:18 - Now the first thing I really want to talk about here in and
00:06:21 - we're not actually going to get into the click by click until we
00:06:23 - get to nugget number three. Because before you actually
00:06:27 - even start putting bits into disks, you've got to understand really
00:06:33 - what the role of virtualization is the Datacenter. And also
00:06:35 - what the role of vSphere is amongst everything. And
00:06:40 - they're recognizing Virtualization's Rapid Dominance
00:06:43 - of the Datacenter is an important understanding for in many ways
00:06:47 - justifying your move towards virtualization. I say often
00:06:52 - that virtualization has very, very rapidly gone from a really
00:06:57 - cool thing. There was a time period not that many years ago
00:07:01 - were virtualization was the hottest thing coming and going.
00:07:04 - And in a very short period of time it went from a really exciting
00:07:08 - thing to just kind of something you do. And so today this is,
00:07:13 - I'm filming this somewhere near the end of 2011.
00:07:16 - So in this time period a very large if not almost majority
00:07:22 - of all IT workloads these days are being run inside of a virtual environment.
00:07:28 - IT has subscribed virtualization because virtualization presents
00:07:32 - some very important benefits, such as compression, consolidation,
00:07:36 - efficiency and optimization.
00:07:38 - You know for most environments, for most businesses,
00:07:42 - the number one reason why we move the virtualization is just simply
00:07:45 - because well I have 50 servers and all those servers are
00:07:50 - run at 5% utilization and it's a huge waste of power in
00:07:53 - a huge waste of space. So if I shrewish those 50 servers down
00:07:58 - so I can fit 10 servers on to one server,
00:08:01 - then I just have less stuff that I have to manage in the physical world.
00:08:04 - The less I have to manage means the less the power,
00:08:07 - the less to cool, just less to deal with.
00:08:10 - Now there's a further benefit there to not just the space power
00:08:13 - and cooling reduction bits, but the other bit there is the
00:08:16 - fact that a virtual server is just so much more faster
00:08:20 - to get deployed.
00:08:22 - If I ask you the question today, okay,
00:08:24 - and I am.
00:08:27 - So how long does it take between the time somebody walks into
00:08:31 - your office and says, hey we need a new server. And when that
00:08:36 - server is actually in the rack and producing whatever servers they need.
00:08:41 - So if somebody walks in and says, look we need another sequel server today,
00:08:46 - how long does it take?
00:08:48 - Can you do that in a day?
00:08:51 - Can you do that in five days? Some some people commonly, honestly,
00:08:56 - the most common answer I get out of people when I ask them
00:09:01 - that question is really takes me about a month, right.
00:09:04 - Does it take you a month? I mean if somebody comes in your
00:09:07 - office today and says I need a new server, could it take 30 days to
00:09:11 - get a new server, possibly think about that. Right, you need a
00:09:14 - new server and so you've got to go speck one out and then you've got to go call
00:09:19 - dollar IBM or HP or whoever handles your servers.
00:09:24 - You've got to tell them what you want, they've got to build it, they've
00:09:26 - got to ship it to you. You've got to unbox it, you've got to find space on
00:09:30 - the rack. You've got to put it in the rack and network it and connect it to storage
00:09:33 - and add an operating system. And then put on whatever applications
00:09:37 - are required and there's probably nine levels of process and
00:09:41 - change control that you've got to go through in order to do
00:09:43 - that. So the time difference between a new service
00:09:48 - request and a new service these days is honestly measured in
00:09:52 - a month or more, it's measured in weeks.
00:09:55 - Well when you move to virtualization,
00:09:57 - virtualization says, all right what if I just have a bunch of
00:10:00 - equipment that is available and that creates an amount of
00:10:06 - supply, so a certain supply of resources that I can then apply
00:10:11 - to virtual machines. And I can then rapidly deploy new virtual
00:10:16 - machines when that servers requests comes in.
00:10:20 - I shall find out a little later on with the right technologies in
00:10:23 - place you can create very nice templates and clone a VM
00:10:26 - from a template so you know you have a configuration control
00:10:29 - VM right from the get-go. And if you have enough resource supply,
00:10:33 - if you have enough SPU, memory, network and storage, well you're going
00:10:37 - to be able to provision that virtual machine and you'll have
00:10:40 - that virtual machine up in minutes or hours instead of a month.
00:10:43 - That's great, that's a great thing for management, that's a great
00:10:47 - thing for reducing the drag that IT places on business
00:10:51 - agility. I know those are business-y kinds of topics, but you know
00:10:55 - every time that your business comes to you and they have to
00:10:58 - plan a month ahead a time for those sorts of things, that's not a great
00:11:01 - deal. Also virtualization when you implement the right functions,
00:11:07 - When you implement the right protective measures that
00:11:11 - come with virtualization, you also reduce the risk of a server
00:11:13 - failure. Now depending on what level of protection
00:11:17 - you want to put in place, the server itself might fail.
00:11:21 - VMware HA, if I lose a host, I'm gonna lose that virtual machine, but I'm gonna
00:11:26 - lose it for
00:11:28 - three minutes, five minutes the most before it automatically
00:11:31 - powers on somewhere else.
00:11:34 - When was the last time you were out at a barbecue and it's a Saturday
00:11:37 - afternoon, maybe you've had a beer or two, you know you're
00:11:41 - cooking up steaks and your pager goes off because one of your
00:11:44 - services failed. While how many minutes does it take for you
00:11:47 - to get that server back online and running again.
00:11:50 - You might have to put down the barbecue tongs and get in your car and
00:11:54 - drive to work. And if you living on the other side town well there could
00:11:57 - be traffic.
00:11:59 - So it could take a really long period of time to get that
00:12:01 - server back up and operational again. So just that the sheer
00:12:05 - operational issues associated with server failure and applying
00:12:08 - HA to that or DRS or even full tolerance to that really reduces
00:12:13 - the amount of down time that a server is going to have whenever actual
00:12:17 - downtime occurs. So virtualization in itself really improves
00:12:22 - the availability of services. Also means that you can perhaps
00:12:27 - stay at the barbecue instead of having to drive
00:12:30 - into work.
00:12:32 - It also allows you to optimize the use of those expensive physical
00:12:36 - resources. And I think I mentioned that,
00:12:40 - you know, I don't know the average utilization of a Windows
00:12:44 - server industry wide, I have been told is somewhere like
00:12:48 - 5 to 7% worldwide.
00:12:51 - So you go to any Windows server and 93 to 95%
00:12:55 - of the time, that Windows server is just idly flipping ones and
00:12:59 - zeros back and forth to keep itself busy until it to actually
00:13:01 - do something. And I don't know if you're a manager and you
00:13:05 - have a person, an employee that's only working 7% of the
00:13:09 - time, what are you going to do with that employee. Well you're probably going to either
00:13:12 - give them more work or tell them they need to go find another job.
00:13:15 - But why do we do this with our servers? It's expensive, they're
00:13:18 - very expensive and then running them with power and cooling
00:13:20 - is even more expensive. So squishing together those unused
00:13:24 - processor cycles across many servers allows us to have a more
00:13:28 - optimized use of those expensive physical resources. Virtualization
00:13:31 - in itself means that I'm getting more out of the stuff
00:13:34 - that I paid for and that's great.
00:13:37 - A real big benefit here to is this whole notion of disaster
00:13:40 - recovery and making disaster recovery finally cost effective.
00:13:45 - I have a buddy of mine who was working in a financial services
00:13:50 - organization and this is back in the way old days prior to
00:13:53 - virtualization. And because they were financial services they
00:13:56 - had to have a disaster recovery site because
00:13:59 - it's people's money. And the way that they did a disaster recovery site is when
00:14:02 - he went to build a server then he would go and build another
00:14:06 - server and he would drive the other server over to the other
00:14:09 - Datacenter and if he had to make a change on the first one
00:14:12 - he would have to drive over to the other Datacenter
00:14:14 - and make a change on the second one. Really not cost effective as a disaster
00:14:19 - recovery scenario.
00:14:21 - Now with virtualization however, I have the ability to encapsulate all the configurations
00:14:26 - that is a virtual machine down to just
00:14:30 - one single file.
00:14:33 - A virtual disk is a virtual disk and it's one file large. So
00:14:37 - with that virtual disk in my hands, I can then replicate the
00:14:41 - contents of the virtual disk from one place to another. And
00:14:44 - so it creates this really cost-effective sense of disaster recovery.
00:14:48 - It's not, I don't know,
00:14:52 - it's not hard to do disaster recovery, it's still challenging.
00:14:55 - But all whole driving servers around problem just really isn't there
00:14:58 - anymore. So disaster recovery much much easier in virtualization
00:15:02 - because we've now got the automation functions that
00:15:08 - distill all the way down even to SNB. Even SNB's can do disaster recovery
00:15:12 - these days of virtualization very very very easily.
00:15:16 - And lastly this is really helping you come to grips with this
00:15:20 - impending notion of cloud computing.
00:15:23 - Right now today at the end of 2011, beginning
00:15:25 - of 2012 there are a lot of people still afraid of cloud computing.
00:15:27 - And it's understandable it's a very you know shattering, it's
00:15:32 - a very disruptive technology. A lot of people wondering where it
00:15:36 - fits and whereas virtualization and cloud computing are by
00:15:40 - no means the same thing,
00:15:43 - the embrace of one
00:15:46 - begins to lead one in to the embrace of the other.
00:15:50 - So becoming familiar with vSphere is a good educational
00:15:56 - point for your resume, for your taking the test. For
00:16:01 - just the wisdom that you can apply to your entire, the
00:16:07 - contribution that you provide your company.
00:16:09 - And that's a good thing. You know becoming more valuable to
00:16:13 - your company is really important and so there's no better way
00:16:16 - to do it these days, it seems, than by becoming really really
00:16:19 - familiar with virtualizations and especially advanced virtualization.
00:16:22 - stations, topics.
00:16:25 - Now, before we even get started right, before you actually even
00:16:29 - start watching working with me in these videos and learning
00:16:33 - together with me that there are a couple things you have to
00:16:36 - know and and luckily they're not that that bad.
00:16:40 - A couple of prerequisites for this series number one, is just an
00:16:43 - understanding of the Windows OS. If you've been working
00:16:45 - with the Windows OS for really any period of time, you are
00:16:48 - familiar with it, great.
00:16:50 - Also no fear of Linux.
00:16:54 - Where as in vSphereV4 and 4(1) and particularly
00:16:58 - now in vSphereV5, the number of things that you
00:17:03 - have to do that make you resort back to the old Linux OS
00:17:07 - stuff, the Linux UI, which is coming on line, getting
00:17:12 - less and less. In fact in version five there is ESX anymore,
00:17:17 - there's only ESX1 and ESX1 is a very very very
00:17:20 - very very very stripped down almost appliance like version
00:17:25 - of Linux. Some people don't like it when you call ESXI Linux, but
00:17:29 - it still runs off, it has a management partition there that
00:17:32 - runs off of highly tailored version busy box Linux. You can drill
00:17:36 - into that Linux if you want. You can play around with that Linux, but
00:17:39 - I will tell you that in this series I'm actually going to spend
00:17:42 - almost no time
00:17:45 - in the Linux UI.
00:17:47 - But having no fear of it, having at least some comfort level
00:17:51 - with it will assist. There are some commands that you probably
00:17:56 - should be aware of. If you're going to take the exam, it is
00:18:00 - commonly asked for you to understand what the Linux commands are.
00:18:06 - But just having no fear of the Linux O/S even if you don't have
00:18:09 - experience, it's just no fear is important here. I also ask that
00:18:13 - you have a basic knowledge of virtualization concept and also networking
00:18:17 - storage. It's not necessary, I mean if you
00:18:21 - had extensive knowledge of virtualization, you probably wouldn't be watching
00:18:25 - this series.
00:18:27 - But simply having understanding that virtualization involves
00:18:30 - a hyper-visor and that there virtual machines that sit on
00:18:34 - top of that hyper-visor and they're all sort of atomic and all sort of
00:18:38 - Isolated from each other just a basic knowledge of what virtualization
00:18:41 - is, is important because I don't just jump right in the
00:18:44 - how to use the vSphere right around nugget number three. The same thing with
00:18:48 - networking storage, basic knowledge of how to figure networking.
00:18:52 - There's a couple of advanced networking things you're going to need
00:18:55 - to know, the same thing with storage, that many of those
00:18:58 - you can you ask questions of your network admin or your storage
00:19:03 - admin as it relates. I'll show you what these things are so
00:19:06 - don't worry about them if you're not completely familiar. The hardest
00:19:10 - part honestly when it comes in networking storage,
00:19:13 - is if you're the type of admin that has been working exclusively
00:19:16 - with direct attached storage and when a network person hands
00:19:21 - you a cable and that you just IP a server. When you get to virtualization
00:19:27 - the whole networking and storage conversation gets a little bit
00:19:31 - more complicated because you're creating an infrastructure and
00:19:35 - in many ways it's the same kind of infrastructure that the network
00:19:38 - admins and storage admins have kind of been providing for you for
00:19:41 - a long period of time. So at the conclusion of this I think
00:19:45 - you're going to understand vSphere, you're going to understand virtualization
00:19:48 - better, but you probably also going to understand virtualization a little
00:19:51 - better too, excuse me, networking a little better to.
00:19:55 - The same thing with storage and so there's benefits here to
00:19:58 - taking this,
00:19:59 - to learning here, because you're going to learn quite a few topics,
00:20:03 - I think over these these next twenty videos. You should also
00:20:07 - have a familiarity with VMware Workstation product. So the
00:20:12 - entire infrastructure that I'm building here and going to be working
00:20:17 - with you on, is based off of VMware Workstations. So the
00:20:22 - term that you would google on is nested virtualization.
00:20:26 - And nested virtualization, what it really means is that
00:20:28 - I have a hyper-visor, which in our case is VMware Workstation,
00:20:32 - that's sitting on top of the Windows computer that I'm looking
00:20:34 - at right here. So VMware Workstation provides a hyper-visor
00:20:38 - and then the virtual machine that we create is ESX, ESXI.
00:20:43 - And inside ESXI, once we've created that, we'll put more
00:20:48 - virtual machines.
00:20:50 - So we're nesting, it's like the Russian dolls that they keep
00:20:54 - going in and getting smaller and smaller. This nested virtualization
00:20:58 - is, I am purposely doing it in this way because not a lot
00:21:02 - of people have access to a server with which to install the
00:21:06 - ESXI directly onto. But you can install it inside a Workstation.
00:21:09 - A Workstation you can download a free demo or free VAL version or
00:21:13 - you can buy it. It's not that expensive, it's completely worth
00:21:16 - the money spent on it.
00:21:19 - So be familiar with it. Spend a minute or two just playing around
00:21:22 - with creating a VM or two, because that will assist you with what
00:21:26 - we're doing when we're creating this nested virtualization
00:21:30 - thing. And the most important is desire to learn. You know I say this during
00:21:36 - all of my training is, this is going to be a lot of fun and I highly
00:21:41 - recommend that you follow along. You know create your own environment
00:21:46 - at the same time you're watching me create this environment
00:21:50 - because we learn by doing. And if we can interact
00:21:55 - so you can listen to me,
00:21:57 - I can hopefully answer the questions that you're thinking at
00:21:59 - the time that you're thinking them and also that you can just
00:22:03 - simply do what I'm going over here. This will help you actually
00:22:07 - really cement this knowledge in the your head.
00:22:12 - It's very important.
00:22:13 - Now down here in the bottom in the box is, I have copied and pasted this
00:22:18 - right out of that VCP,
00:22:21 - that VCP guide,
00:22:23 - the VCP Blueprint and I do this specifically because
00:22:27 - this is what VMware suggests as the minimum prerequisites
00:22:32 - for a candidate for VCP examination,
00:22:36 - or VCP certification. You see here a candidate for the certification
00:22:40 - has about six months of experience working with v-Sphere.
00:22:45 - You've been working for v-Sphere for about six months that's around the time
00:22:48 - that the you might want to be begin taking the test. These are typically
00:22:53 - infrastructure personnel, so you're working on foundations.
00:22:56 - People installing, configuring ESXI, hosts, using
00:23:01 - vCenter Server to monitor and manage troubleshooting and administer virtual
00:23:04 - machines. So not a lot of designed stuff there, there is actually
00:23:08 - a design certification over the top of VCP, but this
00:23:12 - is the entry level certification that just validates the ES.
00:23:15 - You have proven that you are competent in managing
00:23:22 - vCenter.
00:23:24 - Further it says that the successful candidate will most likely
00:23:27 - have additional industry- recognized general IT certifications
00:23:30 - or the equivalent experience.
00:23:33 - Having an MCITP can't hurt.
00:23:38 - In some cases having one of the Linux certs can't hurt, having
00:23:42 - a networking cert can't hurt, having a storage cert can't hurt.
00:23:46 - But the VCP is really intended to be an introductory
00:23:52 - level certification.
00:23:55 - It's the first step on the path.
00:23:58 - Now how to get there.
00:24:00 - What's the steps we're going to go through in order to get to this
00:24:04 - nirvana of VMware
00:24:08 - bliss whatever.
00:24:11 - You'll find that and it's funny because everybody knows wants
00:24:14 - to get to working with virtual machines first or it's like
00:24:18 - hey let's start working on that that DRS load balancing
00:24:21 - cluster, that's what I want to see.
00:24:24 - What's interesting is, you're building an infrastructure here.
00:24:29 - And that infrastructure has to be cemented correctly. You've
00:24:33 - got a put the re-bar in before you
00:24:36 - put the concrete in and you've got to put the concrete in before you can
00:24:39 - put in the carpets in the Windows. And so we have to
00:24:42 - start by essentially digging the hole that we're going to put
00:24:45 - the foundation in before we can to the re-bar.
00:24:49 - This is how I've kind of constructed this outline for us.
00:24:55 - We're going to start here with just a couple of intro concepts here.
00:25:00 - This nugget is as you are currently experiencing just
00:25:04 - what the heck is VMware, what the heck is v-Sphere and
00:25:06 - what is the VCP5.
00:25:09 - And then the next one, I'm just to spend just a minute or two, not that
00:25:12 - long helping you understand what the vSphere Architecture
00:25:15 - and Solutions are.
00:25:18 - I find that most people kind of get the architecture after they have
00:25:25 - kind of played with all the pieces first. So this will not be a very
00:25:28 - long nugget, but I just want to give you a feel for what
00:25:32 - VMware is thinking
00:25:33 - when they're creating this vCenter thing.
00:25:38 - We're then going to install cCenter Server and
00:25:41 - then ESXI. So ESXI is the hyper-visor, okay. That's
00:25:45 - the thing that does the virtualizing. You're going to put ESXI on one
00:25:49 - or more hopefully more physical hosts in your Datacenter.
00:25:55 - The more hosts you put it on the more VMs you can manage
00:25:58 - and then one of those VMs will be a VM running Windows that
00:26:02 - runs vCenter server,
00:26:05 - simple enough. Now the server is kind of its essentially that
00:26:09 - the management tool, it's the management platform that enables
00:26:12 - you to interact with your hyper-visors, your ESXI hosts and then
00:26:17 - also all the VMs that you're running.
00:26:21 - You can connect vCenter server directly into a single ESXI
00:26:25 - box, so you can connect it to a set of them which is the preferred
00:26:29 - configurations. You can operate all of them as a unified infrastructure
00:26:34 - and that's how we're going to do it.
00:26:37 - Today, even though you can't plug it directly into an ESXI box,
00:26:42 - these days people just want to run three or four, six
00:26:46 - or 32 ESXI hosts in one big cluster and allow
00:26:51 - themselves to abstract the resources of those machines for
00:26:56 - use by virtual machines.
00:27:00 - Once we've built the operating system and once we got
00:27:03 - a Windows box running vCenter server and once we've got a couple hyper-visors
00:27:06 - up and running, we're going to start working on the network
00:27:08 - stuff, the storage stuff and the data stored stuff. So
00:27:11 - we've got to get the networking up so that we can get the storage up. And then
00:27:15 - we've got to get the storage up in order get the data storage up. And I'm
00:27:18 - gonna focus on ethernet based storage pretty strongly
00:27:22 - here just simply because our industry is moving very much
00:27:26 - so towards ethernet based storage whether that be fiber channel over ethernet.
00:27:31 - It's just the industry seems to be moving in that direction and
00:27:34 - also because
00:27:36 - if you are a fiber channel shop and you have a real fiber channels HBAs in
00:27:40 - the back of your hosts, of which there are still very many of you,
00:27:44 - for the most part those,
00:27:50 - that configuration, the majority of the work is done
00:27:55 - by the storage admin and you just sort of receive one or more
00:27:59 - lines. You light the thing up and all of a sudden poof lines appear. So there's
00:28:03 - not much to do comparatively from the ESX side or the vCentre
00:28:07 - side as it relates to storage in
00:28:11 - a pure fibre channel shop. Now ethernet based storage fibre channel
00:28:15 - or ISACZI you've got a little bit more work to do. You've got
00:28:19 - to do some IP addressing in certain circumstances. And you've gotta do some fail
00:28:22 - over stuff in certain circumstances. So that's why we're going to
00:28:25 - spend most of the focus on that with the switches and storage
00:28:28 - and ultimately the data stores.
00:28:31 - Then and only then at nugget number eight can we actually start
00:28:36 - working with virtual machines.
00:28:38 - And so we're going to work with virtual machines, we're going to create them. We're
00:28:42 - going to administer and migrate them. This is the vMotion topic
00:28:45 - and then we're going to get to the very very cool topic of
00:28:48 - VMware clusters. This is, you are both welcome and I'm sorry the
00:28:52 - longest of the videos in the series because VMware clusters are
00:28:55 - both just really awesomely cool and also there's just a lot
00:29:00 - there that you now. So that one is one that you may want to
00:29:04 - watch a few times because there's a lot of content in there
00:29:07 - and it's really really really important.
00:29:11 - We didn't go through rapid deployment with cloning templates and then
00:29:15 - from here down we're going to go to some of the individual
00:29:17 - topics that are absolutely required for running your environment,
00:29:22 - but the build of your environment starts here and goes to about
00:29:25 - right here at number 11 and then at this point these are kind
00:29:28 - of branching from there. You have to do
00:29:31 - backup and restore. You probably should update your hosts and profile
00:29:34 - them. You probably will want to move to distribute the switches at some time.
00:29:37 - You probably are going to want to implement security. So all of these
00:29:40 - are the additional topics all the way down to the bottom, which sort
00:29:44 - of conclude the sum body of knowledge that's necessary
00:29:48 - for you to be successful with vCenter. Now if you are planning
00:29:53 - on taking the exam. As I said before you probably are going to
00:29:59 - want to follow along.
00:30:01 - So we're going to be creating a network somewhat similar to
00:30:04 - this. We will have one domain controller dc.company.pri.
00:30:09 - We will have one vCenter server that is actually running
00:30:12 - as a virtual machine called vc.company.pri.
00:30:17 - And we will have two and then at some point later on three
00:30:22 - ESX hosts, ESX1, ESX2 and later on number three.
00:30:27 - All of the hosts have local storage and all of the hosts will
00:30:31 - ultimately connected into a single instance of shared storage
00:30:35 - as well.
00:30:37 - So what should you have if you had a desktop computer with about
00:30:42 - eight gigs of ram and at least two processors, if not more,
00:30:46 - probably four would be even better.
00:30:49 - You will probably be able to support all the needs for this
00:30:53 - if you want to demo this. But this is what we're going to
00:30:55 - be creating. I would also recommend going to VMware's website
00:30:59 - and downloading
00:31:03 - whatever bits are necessary. I think you get like 60 day
00:31:05 - time bomb on all the bits. Just to give you a view of what we're
00:31:09 - going to look at this is the server that we will be playing with.
00:31:13 - This is vc.company.pri. Currently we have,
00:31:19 - looks like three hosts, six processors, one cluster, seven data
00:31:23 - stores, six virtual machines and templates that are created.
00:31:27 - Here's all the stuff over here on the right. It's going to be
00:31:30 - a lot of fun. You're going to get a chance to see all kinds of stuff
00:31:33 - here and interact with vCenter and all sorts of ways that
00:31:37 - will just be impressive and will prepare you just for doing
00:31:42 - this and operations. If you do plan on taking the exam though, there are a couple of
00:31:47 - ideas here about the exam, a couple of thoughts. As I mentioned this is
00:31:50 - the first level exam in the certification portfolio. So this is
00:31:54 - step one.
00:31:56 - Then from there is two advance level certifications, the
00:32:01 - VCAP-DCA and VCAP-DCT
00:32:06 - or oops that's a typo that should be DCD.
00:32:09 - The VCAP-DCA is kind of the second level certification there for administrators,
00:32:15 - for administration. Where as the DCD is for design.
00:32:21 - So if you're interested in creating Datacenters, virtual Datacenters,
00:32:26 - then the DCD makes more sense if you're interested in operating
00:32:29 - them DCA. And then the design expert VC design, VCDX
00:32:33 - acts here is the expert level certification. Not a lot of VDXs
00:32:37 - in the world, but there are few. There also a few desktop
00:32:40 - virtualization to. Certifications these are if you're, if it's
00:32:46 - not server virtualization that you're so much interested in, but desktop
00:32:49 - virtualization these are the expert level certifications
00:32:52 - for that. A few exam stats here. It is a single test to
00:32:58 - pass the VCP. Eighty-five question, 90 minutes if you
00:33:02 - are not an English as a primary language.
00:33:05 - If English is not your secondary language you get 30 more minutes in certain countries.
00:33:08 - Multiple choice, there some exhibits. It is a scaled scoring
00:33:12 - method somewhere between 100 to 500,
00:33:14 - 300 to pass, okay.
00:33:16 - Standard certification tests, \you go to one of those certification
00:33:21 - testing facilities. You sit down you take the test, 90 minutes later
00:33:25 - you know if you passed or not.
00:33:27 - One interesting thing and this is kind of gotcha with the
00:33:31 - VCP, is that VMware still today, whether you agree with that
00:33:36 - or not requires you to take a VMware official course.
00:33:41 - One of the two prior to taking the exam. It can be the
00:33:44 - VMware v-Sphere install figure manage or the VMware v-Sphere what's
00:33:48 - new exam in certain circumstances. But you have to take that
00:33:52 - course and give them money in order to
00:33:57 - be given the certification. Even if you pass the exam you still
00:34:00 - have to go back and take the course or they will not give
00:34:03 - you the certification.
00:34:05 - I leave that for whether you believe that's a good idea or not.
00:34:09 - The VCP-510 hosted by Pearson is actually the exam
00:34:14 - name and number.
00:34:16 - So this series will assist you with all the steps needed to
00:34:21 - be successful with virtualization. It will attempt to also
00:34:25 - prepare you for the exam. Again, there is that course requirement.
00:34:30 - But mostly really I am looking forward to another 19
00:34:35 - of these little nuggets, which will assist you with this whole process
00:34:40 - of elivating your knowledge set to today's most modern
00:34:44 - virtualization platform in VMware v-Sphere.
00:34:48 - But more than anything, really the goal of this at least for me,
00:34:54 - is to help you
00:34:57 - develop your knowledge set, to expand your knowledge set to
00:35:00 - include one of the world's most mature platforms in
00:35:06 - VMware vSphere version five. This is almost brand new technology,
00:35:09 - but at the same time it's five
00:35:13 - revs in, so where we're talking about a technology that at this point
00:35:17 - really it kind of getting fairly mature and this stuff is bomb
00:35:20 - proof. And I've argued many times before that some times it's
00:35:24 - the weakest link in the ethernet environment is the administrator
00:35:27 - who doesn't know that they're not supposed to click that button.
00:35:30 - So don't be that administrator.
00:35:32 - I look forward to spending the next twenty nuggets with
00:35:35 - you. Helping you become more educated. Helping you become
00:35:41 - that much wiser and administrator as it relates to the
00:35:44 - VMware vSphere5.
00:35:46 - I hope this has been informative for you and I'd like to thank you for viewing.

Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions

Install and Configure vCenter Server

Install and Configure VMware ESXi

Configure vNetwork Standard Switches & vSS Policies

Configure Shared Storage for vSphere

Create and Configure VMFS Datastores

Create and Deploy Virtual Machines & vApps

Administer and Migrate Virtual Machines and vApps

Configure VMware Clusters and Resource Pools

Manage Virtual Machine Clones and Templates

Backup and Restore Virtual Machines

Update and Profile ESXi Hosts

Configure vNetwork Distributed Switches & vDS Policies

Secure vCenter Server and ESXi

Plan and Implement VMware Fault Tolerance

Configure the vSphere Storage Appliance

Perform Basic vSphere Troubleshooting

Monitor vCenter and Administer Alarms

Plan and Perform vCenter Server and ESXi Upgrades

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Greg Shields

Greg Shields

CBT Nuggets Trainer

Certifications:
Microsoft MVP; VMware vExpert; Citrix CTP

Area Of Expertise:
Microsoft, Citrix, VMware, System Center, Hyper-V, virtualization and cloud, Microsoft Exchange, PowerShell, VBScript, Windows deployment. Columnist and author of more than a dozen books and hundreds of industry white papers.


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