Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Config 70-662

Managing Exchange 2010 with Windows PowerShell

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Introduction to Microsoft Exchange and Exchange Certification

Understanding Exchange Roles and Components

Preparing your Infrastructure and Installing your First Exchange Server

Mailbox Server Role: Databases, Mailboxes, and Public Folders

Mailbox Server Role: Addresses, Folders, Groups, Contacts, and Resource Mailboxes

Client Access Server Role: Outlook, OWA, and the Exchange Control Panel

Client Access Server Role: POP & IMAP, ActiveSync, and Outlook Anywhere

Hub Transport Role: Message Transport, Connectors, Accepted Domains, and Remote Domains

Hub Transport Role: Email Address Policies, Transport Rules, and Journal Rules

Edge Transport Role: Installing and Configuring

Edge Transport Role: Message Filtering and Anti-Spam

Understanding and Implementing Federated Sharing

Role-Based Access Control in Exchange Administration

Exchange Backup and Data Recovery

Exchange High Availability: Database Availability Groups

Exchange High Availability: Public Folders and Non-Mailbox Servers

Exchange Monitoring and Reporting

Exchange from the Outside World: Security, Certificates, Name Resolution, and Autodiscovery

Migrating from Previous Exchange Versions to Exchange 2010

Managing Exchange 2010 with Windows PowerShell

00:00:00 - Managing Exchange 2010 with Windows PowerShell.
00:00:05 - You could almost think of this final Nugget
00:00:06 - as being kind of redundant with some of the topics
00:00:09 - that we've talked about throughout this entire series.
00:00:12 - But it's important to take what we've
00:00:14 - learned associated with the management of Exchange 2010
00:00:17 - and really consolidate it into a single item of learning.
00:00:21 - Whether you're taking the test or not,
00:00:23 - when you move to Exchange 2010, you'll
00:00:26 - find that your management techniques, the tactics you
00:00:29 - use to go through your daily management,
00:00:31 - are inevitably going to be forced
00:00:33 - into using Windows PowerShell at the command line.
00:00:36 - Now the reason for this, as we've discussed before,
00:00:39 - is that all of Exchange 2010 really
00:00:41 - functions with Windows PowerShell.
00:00:44 - The Exchange Management Console itself is simply
00:00:46 - a graphical user interface that layers
00:00:49 - on top of Windows PowerShell.
00:00:51 - That being said, whenever you're going through all
00:00:53 - of those management tactics, you can
00:00:55 - be assured that everything you do inside of the Exchange
00:00:58 - Management Console really just runs a PowerShell command
00:01:01 - under the covers.
00:01:03 - And as we also have already learned,
00:01:04 - a number of these commands are simply not
00:01:06 - exposed to the level of the Exchange Management Console.
00:01:09 - So you're going to have to use that console-- or excuse me,
00:01:12 - you're going to have to use the PowerShell to actually do
00:01:15 - some of those commands.
00:01:17 - Now in this Nugget we want to talk about some
00:01:18 - of the interesting things you've got
00:01:20 - to be aware of when you're doing Windows PowerShell,
00:01:22 - and when you're doing management with Windows PowerShell.
00:01:24 - First and foremost is the fact that Exchange PowerShell always
00:01:27 - uses remote connections.
00:01:29 - Even when you're connecting on the same server
00:01:31 - as we've been doing throughout this entire series
00:01:34 - to exchange PowerShell, it's doing so using a technique
00:01:37 - called implicit remoting that effectively brings
00:01:40 - those commands down to the local PowerShell session.
00:01:43 - What's interesting about this is that
00:01:46 - in another computer, another computer outside
00:01:48 - of your environment, you can leverage Windows PowerShell
00:01:51 - on that computer to do the same sorts of Exchange PowerShell
00:01:54 - command type management from that other computer.
00:01:58 - And I'll show you how to do that.
00:01:59 - Inside of the Exchange Management Shell
00:02:01 - is also an element that helps you determine which
00:02:04 - server you want to use for that remote PowerShell.
00:02:07 - In this Nugget, I'll show you where
00:02:08 - you can configure that as well.
00:02:10 - Then I also want to spend a little bit of time
00:02:12 - talking about some of the commandlets of Note.
00:02:14 - If there could be a set of commandlets
00:02:16 - that you probably should be at least familiar with,
00:02:18 - that will be this list of commandlets of Note.
00:02:21 - These are the ones that you will probably
00:02:23 - find yourself using more regularly than others,
00:02:26 - and also ones that-- who knows-- may be tested on you whenever
00:02:29 - you take that exam.
00:02:30 - Also be aware that there are a number
00:02:32 - of PowerShell scripts of Note as well.
00:02:34 - These are installed in the Exchange
00:02:36 - server/V14/Scripts location.
00:02:40 - In this location are a number of PowerShell
00:02:42 - scripts, which are multiple commandlets that run together
00:02:46 - to complete some task.
00:02:48 - And because these scripts are designed by Microsoft,
00:02:50 - you may find that they provide some additional functionality
00:02:53 - over and above what you can build on your own.
00:02:57 - Lastly, I want to talk about the PowerShell command log
00:02:59 - and how you can start logging up PowerShell commands
00:03:02 - as a mechanism to identify what commands are being
00:03:04 - run against your organization.
00:03:07 - But first, let's talk about Exchange PowerShell
00:03:10 - and Exchange PowerShell's use of remote connections.
00:03:13 - We've talked before about how you can use Windows PowerShell
00:03:16 - here in the Exchange Management Shell.
00:03:18 - I can run Get Mailbox, for example, or any of the commands
00:03:21 - and be assured that that command is going to function.
00:03:23 - But what if I don't want to be on the Exchange server?
00:03:26 - What if I don't want to have to RDP to the server
00:03:28 - or walk into the server room to actually accomplish
00:03:31 - these commands?
00:03:32 - I can do so from another desktop.
00:03:34 - For example, this Windows 7 desktop
00:03:37 - that I've logged into as administrator.
00:03:39 - If I want, I can bring forward Windows PowerShell-- Power
00:03:43 - Shell-- and launch it here inside
00:03:46 - of this Windows 7 desktop.
00:03:48 - Now there are a couple of interesting commands
00:03:50 - that you need to be aware of in order to be able to do this,
00:03:52 - and again, this is the technique referred
00:03:54 - to as implicit remoting.
00:03:56 - The first thing we need to do is create a session object.
00:03:59 - So we do $session equals new PS session, configuration name,
00:04:06 - Microsoft.exchange, connection Uri, http, colon, backslash,
00:04:14 - backslash, and then the name of the server that you want
00:04:16 - to connect to, which in our case will be Ex1Nugget.nugget
00:04:18 - lab.com/PowerShell, and then authentication Kerberos.
00:04:29 - This actually is going to create that session object.
00:04:31 - Now at this point, we can't actually
00:04:33 - do a Get Mailbox because those commands don't
00:04:36 - exist on this Windows 7 computer.
00:04:38 - The next thing we have to do with the session
00:04:40 - object to be able to use these commands is to actually import
00:04:45 - the session.
00:04:47 - Import dash PSSession, $session.
00:04:51 - This will complete the implicit remoting connection
00:04:54 - and import in that session.
00:04:55 - You'll see here we're creating the implicit remoting module.
00:04:59 - And when we're complete, we'll be
00:05:00 - able to use those commands just like we
00:05:02 - were on that Exchange server.
00:05:04 - You'll notice here we get a warning
00:05:05 - that some of the imported command names
00:05:07 - may include unapproved verbs, which
00:05:08 - might make them less discoverable.
00:05:10 - But if you're aware of what the commands are,
00:05:12 - you can make use of those commands here.
00:05:13 - Let's try Get Mailbox now.
00:05:16 - Check it out.
00:05:17 - We can actually get all the mailboxes off
00:05:19 - of that remote Exchange Server.
00:05:21 - It is through this process of implicit remoting
00:05:23 - that you can, from more or less any PowerShell enabled desktop,
00:05:27 - be able to work with your exchange organization
00:05:31 - without the need for having that Exchange Management console
00:05:33 - lying around.
00:05:34 - This is a great solution if you want
00:05:36 - to make sure that you can have the ability
00:05:38 - to manage your exchange organization from really
00:05:40 - anywhere in your environment.
00:05:43 - So creating this session object is great,
00:05:45 - because within the session object creation language,
00:05:47 - I can identify which of the servers I want to connect to.
00:05:51 - But what if I'm actually on my Exchange Server?
00:05:54 - What if I'm connected into that Exchange server,
00:05:56 - and maybe I want to use PowerShell
00:05:58 - against a different server?
00:05:59 - You'll notice here I'm connected into Exchange 2010,
00:06:02 - the Organizational Health Screen.
00:06:04 - If I right click on this Microsoft Exchange on Premises
00:06:07 - and choose Properties, you'll notice
00:06:08 - that here under the General tab, I
00:06:10 - have an ability to select a server
00:06:12 - to connect to for remote PowerShell.
00:06:14 - I can specify that server, the one that I've
00:06:16 - been to connecting to this entire period,
00:06:18 - or I can connect to the automatically selected server
00:06:20 - if I want.
00:06:21 - This gives you the ability to change
00:06:23 - which server that you're actually connecting
00:06:25 - to to complete those remote PowerShell commands.
00:06:28 - Speaking of those commands, really
00:06:30 - what are the list of commands that you need
00:06:31 - to be aware of when you're taking a look at furthering
00:06:35 - your knowledge associated with Exchange in PowerShell?
00:06:39 - And also in preparing for that exam.
00:06:41 - There are a set of commands that you
00:06:43 - will find that you just use regularly.
00:06:46 - And I've listed a few of these up here
00:06:48 - that you might want to take a look at.
00:06:50 - You'll notice here that I've aligned them
00:06:52 - by the nouns associated with these commands.
00:06:56 - So when it comes to mailboxes, the Get, Set, and Restore verbs
00:07:00 - come in handy for getting those mailboxes,
00:07:02 - setting parameters, and restoring those mailboxes
00:07:04 - whenever you experience a problem.
00:07:07 - Mailbox Statistics, Store Use Statistics, and Mailbox Folder
00:07:10 - Statistics here can also be handy for helping
00:07:12 - you understand some of the mailbox information,
00:07:15 - some of the use of storage, and then also some of the mailbox
00:07:18 - folder information associated with your mailbox server role.
00:07:22 - You can get and set specific Exchange Server configurations
00:07:25 - using the Exchange Server noun.
00:07:27 - Same thing with email address policy for those email
00:07:29 - addresses.
00:07:30 - Or mail and databases and database paths
00:07:32 - here with Get, Set, and Move.
00:07:34 - ADsites and ADsite links can also
00:07:37 - be manipulated and viewed using Get ADsite and Get ADsiteLink.
00:07:41 - Or you can work with your database availability
00:07:43 - groups here using the Get and Set commands as well.
00:07:46 - Sometimes you need to do database copies,
00:07:48 - and you can set mailbox database copies,
00:07:50 - get them, or even update those database
00:07:52 - copies using these commands.
00:07:54 - The address list command you may find that you use quite a bit,
00:07:58 - because you can get, set, and create new address
00:08:00 - lists, again from the command line.
00:08:03 - Same thing goes for mailbox move requests here with the get,
00:08:06 - set, and new move request commandlets.
00:08:08 - And then finally down here is the ability
00:08:10 - to test mail flow, active sync connectivity, OEC connectivity,
00:08:15 - Outlook connectivity, Outlook Web Services, and even edge
00:08:17 - synchronization.
00:08:19 - All of these present a good starting point
00:08:21 - for the list of commandlets that you should keep inside
00:08:23 - of your brain for use whenever you're
00:08:25 - managing your environment.
00:08:27 - Now you may be thinking to yourself,
00:08:28 - this seems like a lot of commands
00:08:30 - that I have to remember.
00:08:31 - It's not like the old DOS days where
00:08:32 - if I knew CD and dir and copy and delete,
00:08:35 - that's really all I needed to know.
00:08:36 - These are a lot of things I have to memorize.
00:08:39 - Well, don't forget that PowerShell includes
00:08:41 - a number of discoverability features
00:08:43 - to help you find what sorts of commandlets
00:08:45 - you might be interested in.
00:08:47 - The Get Command command will help
00:08:50 - you identify all of the different commands that
00:08:52 - are available for you to take a look at.
00:08:54 - Now you'll see the number of those commands
00:08:56 - just scroll through very quickly,
00:08:58 - so you can understand that, well, there's
00:09:00 - a lot of commands that are available.
00:09:02 - But remember that these commands are all the commands that
00:09:05 - are available for you, not withstanding the Exchange
00:09:07 - commands.
00:09:08 - One of the other commands that you
00:09:10 - may want to be aware of to help you discover more
00:09:13 - of these commands that can be useful in managing
00:09:16 - your exchange organization is Get Command
00:09:19 - and then piping that to Where, and then using
00:09:23 - Where objects constraint capability
00:09:25 - to look for where the command name is like, for example,
00:09:30 - let's use "mailbox."
00:09:33 - This will give us a list of the commands which
00:09:35 - include the word "mailbox."
00:09:38 - You'll see here now, I can just look
00:09:39 - at those commands that have to do
00:09:41 - with managing my mailboxes in my exchange organization.
00:09:45 - So never fear those discoverability features
00:09:47 - in with PowerShell.
00:09:48 - PowerShell also provides Get Help
00:09:50 - for any of the commands that are available.
00:09:52 - You can do Get Help, Set Mailbox,
00:09:55 - and discover all of the information
00:09:57 - that you need to know about setting that mailbox.
00:10:01 - This Get Help command sometimes takes a minute or two for it
00:10:04 - to bring up all the help information.
00:10:06 - But again, what this provides is the capability for you
00:10:08 - to understand what the syntax is going
00:10:10 - to be for each of the commands that you're
00:10:12 - going to be using in your environment.
00:10:14 - Now if you're like me, this syntax
00:10:16 - can be somewhat challenging.
00:10:17 - You'll see here there's a significant amount of syntax
00:10:20 - associated with setting mailbox parameters.
00:10:22 - And mainly, a lot of the syntax, at least
00:10:24 - in the case of this command, have
00:10:26 - to do with all the different things, the attributes, that
00:10:28 - are associated with the mailbox.
00:10:30 - One of the things you might also want to do
00:10:32 - is Get Help, Set Mailbox, dash Examples,
00:10:36 - which will provide you a list of common examples associated
00:10:39 - with the use of that command.
00:10:41 - This commandlet with examples really
00:10:43 - can help you spin up your use of Windows PowerShell
00:10:46 - very quickly.
00:10:49 - For those commands that are sometimes
00:10:51 - a little more challenging or more
00:10:52 - difficult to be able to create on your own,
00:10:56 - Microsoft has created a set of PowerShell scripts
00:10:59 - that you should probably be aware of.
00:11:01 - These scripts consolidate a number
00:11:03 - of different commandlets together
00:11:04 - to accomplish some task.
00:11:06 - If you go to the C Program Files, Microsoft,
00:11:09 - Exchange Server, v14, Scripts location,
00:11:13 - you'll see this list of commands that have been created.
00:11:15 - There are a number of them here that we've actually
00:11:18 - worked with before.
00:11:19 - Let's take a look at Install Anti-spam Agents.
00:11:22 - If I double click this command, it brings it up in Notepad,
00:11:25 - and you can see here the structure of this command.
00:11:27 - It's doing some very advanced things,
00:11:29 - such as creating functions and then running them, and running
00:11:32 - if/then statements to actually accomplish some sort of task.
00:11:36 - You may want to be aware of what these commands are
00:11:38 - and generally what they can do, because they
00:11:41 - may be able to help you in certain circumstances.
00:11:44 - Now again, running these commands is important,
00:11:46 - but sometimes it can be difficult
00:11:48 - for you to truly understand what's
00:11:50 - going on whenever you make a change inside of the Exchange
00:11:53 - Management Console and how you can translate that
00:11:56 - into a specific commandlet or a specific set of commandlets
00:12:00 - to actually accomplish something in the Exchange Management
00:12:02 - Shell.
00:12:04 - Let me actually show you a way that you can highlight some
00:12:06 - of the ways that the Exchange Management
00:12:08 - Console and the Exchange Management Shell
00:12:10 - work with each other.
00:12:12 - That is making use of-- up here under the View command--
00:12:15 - viewing the Exchange Management Shell command log.
00:12:18 - You'll see here that it's by default it's empty.
00:12:20 - What you also have to do is click here under Action
00:12:22 - to start command logging.
00:12:24 - What this does is it provides a location for every single thing
00:12:28 - that occurs inside of the Exchange Management Console
00:12:31 - to be logged by command here inside of the log.
00:12:34 - Let's take a look here.
00:12:35 - Maybe we'll flip through and take a look at a mailbox.
00:12:38 - If we click here on Mailbox, we're
00:12:40 - going to enumerate some information here
00:12:41 - in order to get that mailbox.
00:12:43 - This will probably show up here as a set of commands
00:12:46 - in the Exchange Management Shell command log.
00:12:49 - In order for us to simply click on this one link
00:12:51 - inside of the Exchange Management Console,
00:12:53 - we need to run four commands-- Get Mailbox Database, Public
00:12:56 - Folder Database, and then two more commandlets here
00:12:59 - associated with Mailbox Database and Mailbox Database Copy
00:13:02 - Status.
00:13:03 - Clicking on any of these links up here on the top
00:13:05 - brings out more information here on the bottom associated
00:13:08 - with what that commandlet did.
00:13:11 - This little tool provides an excellent way for you
00:13:13 - to log how people are making use of the Exchange Management
00:13:16 - Console, and also to help you translate the things
00:13:19 - that you're doing inside of the console with the things
00:13:22 - you can be doing inside of the shell.
00:13:24 - So what have we talked about this, now
00:13:25 - that we've really talked about all of the different pieces
00:13:28 - that you need to be aware of associated with managing
00:13:30 - Exchange 2010 with Windows PowerShell.
00:13:34 - We talked about how Exchange PowerShell always uses
00:13:36 - those remote connections, whether you're on the Exchange
00:13:39 - server or if you're somewhere else in your environment
00:13:41 - using the tactic called Implicit Remoting.
00:13:43 - We talked about how you can select
00:13:45 - a server for remote PowerShell.
00:13:46 - We also talked about some of those PowerShell commandlets
00:13:49 - of note and PowerShell scripts of note
00:13:50 - that you should be aware of.
00:13:52 - And finally, we concluded with a look
00:13:54 - at the PowerShell command log, a useful tool
00:13:57 - for helping you translate between what
00:13:59 - you see in the Exchange Management Console
00:14:01 - and then what you can do in the Exchange Management Shell.
00:14:04 - This really brings us to the conclusion of this series.
00:14:07 - This entire 20 series, as we said in the beginning,
00:14:09 - is designed to help you understand
00:14:11 - what you need to know to be successful with Microsoft
00:14:14 - Exchange.
00:14:15 - Planning it, implementing it, configuring it, rolling it out,
00:14:18 - and then ultimately managing it and maintaining it over time.
00:14:22 - We've spent time talking about installing your first Exchange
00:14:25 - Server.
00:14:25 - We talked about the mailbox server role and the client
00:14:28 - access server role.
00:14:29 - We moved into the hub transport and edge transport role,
00:14:31 - and then concluded with some of these management topics that
00:14:35 - will help you again be successful with working
00:14:37 - with that Exchange organization once it's up and running.
00:14:41 - Once again, my name is Greg Shields,
00:14:42 - and it's been a real pleasure working
00:14:44 - with you over this entire series of Nuggets
00:14:46 - to help enlighten and educate you
00:14:48 - on what you need to know to pass that exam 70-662,
00:14:52 - and also how to be successful with your own Exchange Server
00:14:55 - 2010 organization.
00:14:57 - I hope this has been informative for you,
00:14:59 - and I'd like to thank you for viewing.

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