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Cisco VoIP CCNP Voice CVOICE v8.0 642-437

Course Duration: 15:27:24
Welcome to CVOICE 8.0: Cisco Certification and Getting the Most from this Series
Welcome to the Cisco CVOICE video series! This opening Nugget discusses the series objectives and their relation to the Cisco CCNP Voice certification path. You'll also see recent changes to the Cisco certification process that make real-world training (which is the goal of CBT Nuggets) the best possible way to prepare.
Voice Gateways: The Bridge Between Worlds
This Nugget discusses traditional telephony and Voice over IP (VoIP) comparison and key terms; understanding the Cisco VoIP Solution; Cisco VoIP design models (single-site, centralized, distributed, and clustering over the WAN); common Cisco VoIP hardware (Voice Gateways, PoE switches, ATA adapters, IP phones, and CUCM servers).
Voice Gateways: Understanding Analog Voice Ports
This Nugget discusses analog voice port options: FXS, FXO, E&M, and CAMA; analog voice port signaling types and standards; analog voice port configuration: call progress tones (cptone), PLAR, ring cadence, and signaling.
Voice Gateways: Understanding Digital Voice Ports
This Nugget discusses digital voice port options: T1, E1, PRI; digital voice port signaling: CAS, CCS, Q.921, Q.931, QSIG; and digital voice port configuration: ds0-group and pri-group.
Voice Gateways: Handling Echo, Cross Connect, Timers and Verification
This Nugget discusses remedies for echo on a VoIP connection; cross-connecting analog and digital ports together; analog timers (initial, hookflash, interdigit, etc...); verification commands.
Voice Gateways: Voice CODECs and DSP Resources
This Nugget discusses the common VoIP CODECs used in the Cisco world: G.711, G.729, and iLBC; calculating bandwidth consumed by voice calls; managing DSP resources and using DSPFarms.
VoIP Foundations: How Spoken Voice Becomes a Packet
This Nugget discusses the process of converting analog signal into digital format, including Nyquist Theorum, PCM, Quantization, G.711ulaw, and G.711alaw.
Dial Peers: Understanding and Using Dial-Peers
This Nugget discusses the concept of Cisco Call Legs, the differences between POTS and VoIP dial-peers, and performs a base configuration of POTS/VoIP dial-peers on two Cisco routers.
Dial Peers: Wildcards and Voice Route Matching
This Nugget discusses Destination-Pattern Wildcards, matching inbound and outbound dial-peers, and the concept of the "Forsaken Default Dial Peer 0."
Dial Peers: End-to-End Practical Scenario
This Nugget is subtitled, "How to Set up Your House for VoIP." Jeremy puts together a complete demonstration from scratch covering the following topics: Bringing a PSTN line into an FXO port, FXS configuration, PSTN dial-peers, Private Line Automatic Ringdown (PLAR), automatic digit stripping (POTS dial-peers), forward-digits, VoIP dial-peers, and CODEC modification.
Dial Peers: Overlapping, Hunting, and Basic Manipulation
This Nugget discusses the methods routers use to handle overlapping dial-peers and duplicate destinations, dial-peer hunt options, creating hunt groups, and basic digit manipulation commands (prefix, forward-digits, num-exp).
Advanced Dial Plans: Digit Manipulation and Transformation
This Nugget discusses methods used to modify Caller-ID (ANI) information, translation-rules, and provides many examples of regular expression use with called and calling transformations.
Advanced Dial Plans: Configuring, Applying, and Testing Digit Manipulation
This Nugget applies the topics from the previous Nugget (regular expressions, calling and called party transformations) into practical configuration. Topics include transformation-rules and transformation-profiles configuration.
Advanced Dial Plans: Calling Privileges with Class of Restriction (COR)
This Nugget covers the implementation of calling restrictions using the Class of Restriction (COR) lists feature of Cisco voice gateways. Topics include the purpose of calling restrictions, reconstructing PSTN dial-peers, and understanding and implementing COR Lists.
CME: IP Phones, VLANs, and Communication
This Nugget discusses the characteristics of Cisco IP Phones (allowing you to pick which model suits you)000, presents an understanding of key network configurations needed to support Cisco IP Phones (Voice VLAN, Quality of Service (QoS), DHCP, and Power over Ethernet (PoE)), and the IP Phone boot and registration process.
CME: Base Configuration
This Nugget walks through the base configuration needed to support IP Phones using CME: Power over Ethernet (PoE), Voice VLAN (VVLAN), Network Time Protocol (NTP), DHCP, IP Phone Firmware, telephony-service (SCCP) configuration, and SIP configuration.
CME: Ephones and Ephone-DNs, Part 1
This Nugget builds on the base configuration in the previous Nugget to configure Ephone and Ephone-DNs, making internal VoIP calling possible.
CME: Ephones and Ephone-DNs, Part 2
Picking up right where the last Nugget left off, we break down the "button" command and perform multiple examples of shared lines, button overlay, and auto-assignment.
CME: SIP Phones, Ephone Types, Codecs, and Verification
This final Nugget focused on CME discusses the differences between SCCP and SIP for end-point control, how to set up SIP-based devices in CME, the configuration of ephone-types and default CODECs, and the verification/troubleshooting steps you can use with CME.
Voice Protocols: At the Core
This Nugget provides an overview of the key voice protocols used day-to-day: RTP, RTCP, H.323, SIP, and MGCP. Also discussed are the multiple flavors and features of RTP: cRTP, SRTP, and VAD.
Voice Protocols: H.323
This Nugget provides an in-depth look at the H.323 signaling protocol, covering the call setup and feature negotiation protocols (H.225 and H.245) as well as H.225 RAS (for Gatekeeper signaling). The final portion of this Nugget covers H.323 gateway and gatekeeper configuration.
Voice Protocols: SIP
This Nugget provides an in-depth look at the SIP signaling protocol, covering the protocol architecture (proxy, registrar, location, and redirect servers), call flow, and configuration.
Voice Protocols: MGCP
This Nugget provides an in-depth look at the MGCP signaling protocol, covering the protocol architecture, call flow, and configuration (from the voice gateway perspective - please see CIPT for the Call Agent configuration).
Cisco Unified Border Element: The Voice Gateway of Voice Gateways
This Nugget explores Cisco Unified Border Element (CUBE), which acts as a boundary for your voice network. Topics include CUBE concepts, H.323 and SIP protocol interaction, and configuration.
Quality of Service: The Missing Ingredient
Without Quality of Service (QoS), your voice network will quickly crumble under the iron fist of data traffic. In this Nugget, Jeremy identifies the "Evil Villains" (delay, jitter, and packet loss) of the voice network and breaks down the different QoS tools you have at your disposal to handle them. The Nugget concludes with a configuration walk-through of the Modular QoS CLI (MQC) structure (class-map, policy-map, service-policy).
Quality of Service: CoS, ToS, DSCP, and Trust Boundaries
Understanding the various markings you have at your disposal in the QoS world can be confusing at best! In this Nugget, Jeremy walks through the full explanation of Class of Service (CoS), Type of Service (ToS), IP Precedence, and DSCP. Get your brain ready for this one!
Quality of Service: Queuing with CBWFQ and LLQ
In our modern times, all the previous congestion management (queuing) strategies - priority, custom, and weighted fair queuing - have all melded into one: Low Latency Queuing. Join Jeremy in this Nugget to discuss the need for queuing, the intricacies of LLQ, and the configuration of both LLQ and AutoQoS.

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CVOICE 8.0 is a new VoIP world! Join über trainer Jeremy Cioara on a CCNP Voice journey.

This series maps to the 642-437 exam, the first step towards CCNP Voice certification. You'll learn the critical foundational skills necessary to build a VoIP system. Without the knowledge from this series, you’re building your voice network on sand that will quickly wash out from under you!

With the addition of Cisco Unified Communication Manager Express (CUCME) in the new CVOICE 8.0, you can build an entire VoIP systems for a small-to-midsize office. Previous versions of CVOICE were never this cool!

This series is perfect for those aiming for a CCNP Voice certification, those looking to move to a VoIP system, and anyone who isn't afraid to get down and dirty with VoIP configurations.

Welcome to CVOICE 8.0: Cisco Certification and Getting the Most from this Series

00:00:00 - Hello, and welcome to CVOICE 8.0.
00:00:04 - My name is Jeremy Cioara.
00:00:05 - I'll be hanging out with you throughout the series as we
00:00:07 - dive into the world of Cisco Voice.
00:00:10 - And this is always a weird Nugget for me to record.
00:00:13 - I call it the end at the beginning, because it's
00:00:15 - probably the first one you're seeing, and it's the last one
00:00:17 - of the series that I do, so I can prepare you for what
00:00:20 - you're about to experience as you get into the world of
00:00:23 - Cisco Voice.
00:00:24 - So my two objectives for this short
00:00:26 - opening Nugget is simple.
00:00:28 - One, to show you what's CVOICE is all about, not only for the
00:00:32 - certification world, but for the real world as well-- it
00:00:34 - has huge relevance to both.
00:00:36 - And then I'd like to show you how to get the most from this
00:00:39 - series, not only mindset ways to approach CBT Nuggets
00:00:43 - training, but also how to build your own lab.
00:00:47 - One of the most common things that people ask me is, well,
00:00:50 - what kind of equipment, what equipment did you use?
00:00:53 - Or what should I buy if I'm building a lab for my company
00:00:56 - or for myself?
00:00:57 - I'll show you all that here.
00:01:00 - I guess you could say CVOICE and I have been good buddies
00:01:03 - for a long time.
00:01:04 - I've been teaching this series for easily 10 years or more.
00:01:09 - So I've seen it go through many evolutions.
00:01:12 - And I'd like to share where it's come from with you, so
00:01:14 - you can see where the voice industry is going.
00:01:17 - But first off, where does if fit?
00:01:19 - For those of you certification-minded people,
00:01:21 - head to certification--
00:01:23 - it's underlined right there--
00:01:25 - and you will be redirected to this page, which--
00:01:29 - actually, I went a page ahead--
00:01:30 - it shows all the certification programs.
00:01:32 - We are landing right here in CCNP Voice.
00:01:36 - Now used to be back in the day that CVOICE automatically give
00:01:40 - you a CCNA Voice when you pass it.
00:01:43 - Not so anymore.
00:01:44 - Cisco finally decided to separate those two, so where
00:01:46 - you have a specific CCNA Voice certification and then that
00:01:51 - leads you into the rest of the CCMP Voice
00:01:54 - certification exams.
00:01:57 - So right at the top of the list--
00:01:59 - now, looking at this list, you might say, well, do you have
00:02:01 - to take them in that order?
00:02:02 - No, you can take them in whatever order that you want.
00:02:04 - However, Cisco tactfully puts them in the suggested
00:02:09 - order in this list.
00:02:11 - Most people will take CVOICE first.
00:02:14 - Now, it's not always that way.
00:02:16 - For instance, if you deal with Call Manager or Cisco Unified
00:02:19 - Communication Manager, the newer name of it, quite a bit
00:02:22 - you might say, cwell, I'm more comfortable doing CIPT first--
00:02:24 - that's totally fine.
00:02:26 - So CVOICE sits right here.
00:02:27 - And if you ever want to know what's on the exam from a high
00:02:30 - level, you just click on that.
00:02:34 - Right up front you see how long it is, how many
00:02:36 - questions, the exam number-- you need that when you
00:02:38 - register for it with Pearson VUE--
00:02:41 - but they don't let you actually see the topics,
00:02:43 - unless you sign in.
00:02:44 - Which means, you have to have a CCO account, which
00:02:46 - essentially says, I've given Cisco my email address and
00:02:50 - told them spam me for life.
00:02:53 - Actually, they're pretty good, they don't
00:02:55 - send too many emails.
00:02:56 - But once you log in, we now can see all the exam topics
00:03:03 - that are available to us.
00:03:04 - And this is, essentially, the certification
00:03:06 - break down of CVOICE.
00:03:10 - Now, when I'm studying for an exam, if you're going that
00:03:13 - way, I'd print this thing out.
00:03:15 - It's sitting on my printer, and I'm starting to look at
00:03:17 - the book and I am highlighting it, as I feel comfortable on
00:03:22 - CoS, DSCP, an IP precedence, I highlight it and I
00:03:25 - say, OK, I'm good.
00:03:26 - I feel good about that.
00:03:27 - So literally, I'm kind of filling in the gaps as I go.
00:03:30 - This gives me something to aim for, instead of just reading a
00:03:33 - book and hoping to get there.
00:03:36 - Also, I get a lot of questions about should I get practice
00:03:38 - exams and all that?
00:03:41 - It's hard for me.
00:03:43 - Practice exams are costly, sometimes they costs as much
00:03:46 - or more than the certification exam itself.
00:03:48 - And if it's more than the cert exam, don't do it.
00:03:51 - I mean, go take the exam, and there's your practice.
00:03:53 - It's like go in, maybe you'll save a couple bucks and pass
00:03:57 - it the first time.
00:03:57 - But if not, you've seen the actual
00:03:59 - exam, which is fantastic.
00:04:01 - And now you can come back and fill in the gaps, where you're
00:04:03 - like, oh man, I felt weak on this.
00:04:05 - So I don't usually do the certification
00:04:08 - practice exam route.
00:04:10 - It also makes me feel like I'm just studying to answer
00:04:13 - questions, I don't know if you know what I mean by that--
00:04:16 - I'm like, OK, if I see that one, then c.
00:04:20 - Maybe not that detailed, but, OK, if I see one--
00:04:23 - I'm like, that's not the real world.
00:04:25 - I want to know it.
00:04:26 - I really want to get it.
00:04:27 - So one thing that you'll find with Cisco certification exams
00:04:31 - is they're very good.
00:04:33 - They're very challenging and they're very real world.
00:04:38 - There's been a handful of times, but just a handful--
00:04:41 - I've taken a lot of exams.
00:04:42 - When I walk out of Cisco certification exams for the
00:04:45 - most part, I'm like, that was a good test.
00:04:48 - I have that feeling if I didn't know that topic well, I
00:04:52 - wouldn't pass that exam.
00:04:53 - And I like that.
00:04:55 - So Cisco is a very real world certification.
00:04:57 - Now, here's where it's come from.
00:04:59 - I've done three renditions of CVOICE for CBT Nuggets.
00:05:03 - And when CBT Nuggets asked me again, they said, well, do you
00:05:06 - think we can just do an update to CVOICE 6.0
00:05:09 - and move it to 8.0?
00:05:10 - Or just re-record the whole thing?
00:05:11 - I'm like, God, ditch it.
00:05:12 - Re-record the whole thing.
00:05:13 - Enough has changed over the years that we just need to
00:05:16 - have a clean slate, if you will, with CVOICE 8.0.
00:05:19 - In the original CVOICE, the majority of the series was
00:05:26 - focused on understanding the old world, like the PBX world.
00:05:31 - There was a lot of discussion where we were talking about
00:05:35 - this, which is a PBX system.
00:05:37 - And we were saying, well, here's your line cards, all
00:05:40 - that's an amphenol connector, and explaining how that goes.
00:05:45 - And what's been interesting is I've actually come from
00:05:48 - classroom environments where I've taught classrooms full of
00:05:52 - PBX people, meaning I've worked on a PBX system all my
00:05:57 - life, I'm a phone guy.
00:05:58 - And now I'm moving my skills into the voice over IP realm.
00:06:02 - That was full classes of nothing but PBX people, who
00:06:07 - are like, OK, what's an IP address?
00:06:09 - It's really a big learning curve when you do that.
00:06:11 - And now, as the years have gone on, as-- it is creepy to
00:06:14 - say this, but-- as decades, well, I'll say, a decade, has
00:06:17 - passed, since that the PBX people in the classes are
00:06:21 - getting fewer and fewer, and fewer, and fewer, to where,
00:06:23 - now it's mainly network professionals that are in
00:06:26 - there, simply because PBX people at this point have
00:06:30 - either made the jump or they're probably not going to.
00:06:33 - Again, not as a rule, but just as that's the norm, anything
00:06:37 - can happen.
00:06:38 - So what we've seen in the CVOICE series is a lot of this
00:06:42 - stuff is gone.
00:06:44 - It's moved more and more, and more away from that towards
00:06:47 - OK, if you want the history of voice, go ahead and study that
00:06:51 - on the side.
00:06:52 - Take a little mini course on that, if you will, but now
00:06:55 - you're going to get more into the nitty-gritty.
00:06:57 - So when we saw the CVOICE 6.0 upgrade, the big thing that
00:07:00 - happened was we lost a lot of the old school technology and
00:07:04 - we started adding things, like, for instance, there used
00:07:07 - to be an entire-- well, and there still is-- an entire
00:07:08 - Quality of Service series in certification exam for just
00:07:14 - quality of service.
00:07:14 - And we started seeing more and more, and more quality of
00:07:17 - service come into this CVOICE series, to where, eventually,
00:07:21 - the Quality of Service, which used to be part of this--
00:07:26 - oops, how about this?--
00:07:27 - used to be part of--
00:07:29 - I was trying to draw a circle--
00:07:31 - used to be part of this track.
00:07:33 - Now it's gone, because quality of service is now a core
00:07:36 - component of CVOICE.
00:07:38 - Now, when we went to the 8.0 upgrade, which is the most
00:07:41 - recent, we saw a big addition of Call Manager Express, or
00:07:45 - the new name Cisco Unified Communication Manager Express.
00:07:48 - But who wants to say that?
00:07:50 - So that is the ability to run a full call processing system
00:07:54 - on a router.
00:07:55 - Again, used to be an entire series of its own.
00:07:58 - As a matter of fact, I wrote the book for CCNA voice about
00:08:02 - five years ago, and in its first release--
00:08:04 - in fact I'm looking at it on my right now--
00:08:06 - in its first release it was nothing but Call Manager
00:08:09 - Express, and Unity Express, and how to run an entire phone
00:08:13 - system from a Cisco router.
00:08:14 - Nowadays, they've started splicing that into CVOICE.
00:08:18 - Not the depth that it was at when it was a full series in
00:08:22 - itself, but enough to say, OK, I get it, I get it; to where
00:08:27 - with CVOICE, you have these mountains of technology, you
00:08:31 - have the Voice Gateways, you have Quality of Service, you
00:08:34 - have Call Manager Express.
00:08:36 - And CVOICE kind of goes like--
00:08:37 - I would take chunk, chunk, chunk--
00:08:40 - and cuts off different levels of what you can do with each
00:08:44 - one of those things, to where you can always go deeper.
00:08:48 - There's only so much you can put into one certification
00:08:51 - exam or one series, but at the same time, you will know
00:08:54 - enough that number one, there will be no fear.
00:08:56 - That's one of the biggest prohibitors to progress in
00:08:58 - technology is you're like, I'm not going to touch that.
00:09:01 - If I type a command, I'm afraid I'm going to break it.
00:09:03 - So there's like a natural fear of that.
00:09:06 - I get that way with Linux, when I'm in the
00:09:08 - Linux world on a server.
00:09:09 - I'm like, I'm scared, I'm a Root user.
00:09:13 - So that goes away, and you really get confident stepping
00:09:17 - forward to where if it's not part of CVOICE certification,
00:09:21 - then you have enough knowledge that you will have no problem
00:09:23 - getting it.
00:09:24 - So the focus of this series, both for certification and
00:09:28 - real world, is Voice Gateways, number one.
00:09:31 - That is our number one priority.
00:09:32 - We're going to be looking at Cisco routers equipped with
00:09:35 - voice interfaces that can bridge the old world--
00:09:38 - let's say, the PSTN--
00:09:39 - into the new world of voice-over-IP.
00:09:42 - And those Voice Gateways can do the translations, talk to
00:09:45 - different styles of network.
00:09:47 - That's the whole definition of what a gateway does.
00:09:49 - Second focus is call Manager Express.
00:09:52 - Now, again, there's subtopics all around these things, but
00:09:55 - core focus is Call Manager Express, to where you can now
00:09:58 - take a router, which, if you get the right modules--
00:10:03 - you can put switch blades in there to where it's kind of
00:10:06 - like a [INAUDIBLE]--
00:10:07 - you can put voice interfaces in there, you can put WAN
00:10:10 - links in there, bring in an internet connection, to where
00:10:13 - this becomes an all-in-one device to run a business-- it
00:10:17 - does the data, it does the voice, it does the wireless,
00:10:19 - it does the VPNs, it does voicemail--
00:10:22 - it does all of that in one box.
00:10:24 - That is called Manager Express, to where you can
00:10:27 - start running IP phones from there.
00:10:30 - Finally, we get into Quality of Service.
00:10:33 - And Quality of Services, I call it the missing
00:10:36 - ingredient, when you get to that part of the series.
00:10:38 - It's funny, I just finished recording Quality of Service,
00:10:40 - so there's a great story about sugar cookies in there.
00:10:43 - You have to listen to it, you'll laugh when
00:10:44 - you get to it but.
00:10:46 - The Quality of Service is truly the missing ingredient
00:10:49 - of many a voice network.
00:10:50 - And it only takes one experience with bad quality of
00:10:54 - service to really start making people doubt the whole
00:10:56 - validity of voice-over-IP.
00:11:00 - So finally, how do you get the most from this series?
00:11:02 - Well, with any CBT Nuggets series, repetition is key.
00:11:08 - I read a fact, it was very discouraging to me.
00:11:09 - But I read a fact that if you hear something, within one
00:11:14 - month, you will forget like 80%, if
00:11:16 - you just hear something.
00:11:18 - After two months, you've forgotten like--
00:11:20 - it's absurd, it's amazing that we can walk around and not
00:11:25 - fall down with the amount of stuff that we forget that we
00:11:27 - hear, probably just because of the information overload
00:11:30 - society that we live in today.
00:11:32 - So repetition, going through it again, doing it again,
00:11:35 - taking notes, grabbing a pencil, getting
00:11:37 - tactile with yourself.
00:11:38 - Yes, pencils and pens do still exist, and there's paper.
00:11:43 - And it is proven that if you actually start
00:11:45 - writing, not type it--
00:11:46 - sure, there's some value in creating a little Microsoft
00:11:49 - Word Doc, that's fine--
00:11:51 - but if you're actually writing it down, you're drawing a
00:11:53 - little picture, you're really engaging multiple senses.
00:11:57 - And I know this gets into the thought process of learning,
00:12:00 - but that will help you.
00:12:02 - If nothing more, just doodle a picture of what I'm talking.
00:12:05 - I'll be, OK, you've got this voice gateway, and so you just
00:12:07 - draw a circle and a connection WAN link.
00:12:10 - It will seriously help you embed stuff in your mind.
00:12:15 - I've been teaching now for 15 years.
00:12:18 - It's scary to me.
00:12:19 - But one of things that I do is I live on white boards, you'll
00:12:24 - see as I'm going through this series I'm still, eh.
00:12:26 - Sometimes I just like--
00:12:27 - stars, little bunny rabbits, and whatever.
00:12:32 - My mind is just on this visual trail of drawing and
00:12:36 - connecting the dots, and all that kind of stuff.
00:12:38 - So it will seriously help you remember information to just
00:12:42 - even draw a picture.
00:12:43 - Next up, build a lab.
00:12:46 - When you get to the voice world--
00:12:49 - just to give you a little flyby--
00:12:51 - I was a CCIE in routing and switching
00:12:54 - before I got into voice.
00:12:55 - And I had just gotten my CCIE.
00:12:58 - So you're kind of like, I'm a stud, I know what I'm doing,
00:13:02 - I'm on top of the world.
00:13:03 - And I came back, and the company I worked for back then
00:13:06 - said, so we want you to go into Cisco voice.
00:13:07 - It was actually Cisco, because they wanted me to write some
00:13:10 - of the curriculum for it.
00:13:12 - I said, voice?
00:13:12 - Well, I'm a CCIE in routing and switching.
00:13:16 - I thought, well, I'm a CCIE, I can do this.
00:13:21 - It was like running into a brick wall.
00:13:24 - I came in and I was like, I don't get this.
00:13:28 - This is all totally different.
00:13:29 - It's going to be very difficult, unless you get some
00:13:32 - lab equipment there.
00:13:35 - Nowadays, it's so cheap.
00:13:37 - When I was studying for my CCIE, I spent $14,000 on a
00:13:42 - rack of the 2500 series routers.
00:13:45 - And I had one-- it was my sacred router--
00:13:48 - my one 2600 series.
00:13:50 - It was a 2620 with a fast ethernet port, so I could do a
00:13:53 - router on a stick.
00:13:54 - That was amazing technology.
00:13:56 - But just insane prices.
00:13:58 - Nowadays, you go on eBay and it's like pennies, compared to
00:14:02 - what it was.
00:14:05 - Here, let me talk about it.
00:14:06 - Right here, you can grab one of these models of routers
00:14:09 - like a 2610 or 11, or 2620, or 21, key being the XM--
00:14:13 - that's to where you get the extended memory and you get
00:14:17 - more capacity to run voice iOS versions.
00:14:22 - But grab one of those, you could probably get one of
00:14:25 - those for maybe I don't know $50, $100,
00:14:29 - somewhere in that range.
00:14:30 - When I got in there, I actually had a company
00:14:34 - generously give me a 2801 router, which
00:14:38 - I loved that thing.
00:14:39 - It's probably, I don't know, maybe $200 nowadays?
00:14:44 - I haven't checked prices lately, but I would guess
00:14:47 - somewhere between $200 and $400.
00:14:48 - But it's such a great router.
00:14:50 - Built-in DSP resources, which are digital signal
00:14:53 - processors--
00:14:54 - helps transcode your voice.
00:14:55 - And it's really good, it's just a good router.
00:14:59 - But I originally started with, I actually went on eBay, and
00:15:03 - this was a long time ago, I bought a 1750 voice route,
00:15:07 - which most people don't even know those existed.
00:15:09 - It looks like a little Xbox.
00:15:12 - It's not rack mountable, it's meant to sit on a desk, and it
00:15:16 - supported voice modules and stuff like that.
00:15:18 - I actually tinkered with that a lot.
00:15:20 - Nowadays, you could probably pick one of those
00:15:22 - up for what, $20?
00:15:23 - I don't know.
00:15:24 - So you can get something really cheap.
00:15:28 - Let me jump down here.
00:15:28 - Grab some IP phones as well.
00:15:30 - That's what these are.
00:15:31 - The 7940.
00:15:32 - And when I give you these recommendations, I'm always
00:15:35 - thinking in terms of cost, because I'm kind of a
00:15:37 - cheapskate.
00:15:38 - I'm like, OK, well, how cheap can I build a decent lab for?
00:15:43 - So 7940 and 60, these were the original IP phones.
00:15:46 - That is what they looked like.
00:15:48 - They've since been replaced by the 7941, 61, 62--
00:15:51 - all those kind of models.
00:15:53 - But these you could probably pick up for $20 to $40 apiece
00:15:57 - to get an actual IP phone.
00:15:58 - Just one or two of them, to where you can test.
00:16:01 - Grab a couple analog phones for $1 from a garage sale,
00:16:04 - because you'll want those.
00:16:05 - You want to equip your router.
00:16:06 - If you've got one of these 2600, you'll need a carrier,
00:16:09 - because they don't support voice modules natively,
00:16:12 - whereas the 2101 does.
00:16:14 - So you'll have to grab one of these carrier modules, one
00:16:17 - model of it, to where you can put these cards in.
00:16:20 - These are actually analog voice ports--
00:16:23 - I don't have a picture--
00:16:24 - to where it's like a little card that has two RJ11 jacks,
00:16:28 - to where you can plug in phone lines-- this is for phone
00:16:30 - lines, like the PSTN--
00:16:32 - where this is like analog phones.
00:16:33 - And you convert your little $1 Walmart analog phone into an
00:16:37 - advanced voice-over-IP device.
00:16:38 - That's great.
00:16:39 - So I'll put those together.
00:16:42 - This is--
00:16:42 - I grabbed that picture, because that's actually a 3550
00:16:45 - POE switch.
00:16:47 - Again, it's a Layer-3 switch.
00:16:49 - Come on, people.
00:16:51 - it's a great switch.
00:16:52 - It's 10/100.
00:16:54 - But nowadays, you can get those for, again, a fraction
00:16:57 - of what they used to be.
00:16:59 - I haven't checked them recently, but I would say
00:17:01 - maybe probably under $100.
00:17:03 - For a Layer-3 switch, with voice VLAN, power over
00:17:06 - Ethernet, that's pretty amazing.
00:17:08 - The invent of gigabit has really saturated with the
00:17:13 - market, with all these people getting rid of their old
00:17:14 - 10/100 stuff.
00:17:16 - Which is great for building labs, because 10/100, you
00:17:18 - don't need more than that for a lab environment.
00:17:21 - Last lab building advice that I'll give you is--
00:17:26 - I grabbed this picture just from an eBay auction, where it
00:17:28 - looks glossy and pretty-- there are people that sell lab
00:17:32 - kits, which is fine.
00:17:36 - But what they are is people that essentially go and buy
00:17:39 - pieces of Cisco from various sources and then assemble it,
00:17:42 - make it look pretty, nice little photo, and mark it up
00:17:45 - to where they'll sell it a little more.
00:17:47 - Advantage of buying a lab kit is it's easy and brainless.
00:17:51 - And usually it's from a reputable company or a
00:17:54 - reputable, at least, individual, who will back what
00:17:56 - they're selling.
00:17:57 - They know what they're doing, they've tested it,
00:17:58 - that kind of thing.
00:17:59 - But you're going to pay a little bit more buying a kit
00:18:01 - like that than you would just going out and searching for--
00:18:04 - I've got one router over here from a guy selling it for $10.
00:18:07 - Wow, what a deal.
00:18:08 - Grabbed a phone for $15.
00:18:10 - You can piece it together, but then you run the risk of what
00:18:13 - if that doesn't work, and the shipping cost for multiple
00:18:18 - pieces may add up.
00:18:19 - So two different ways to go about it.
00:18:22 - I will tell you, my personal approaches is I usually piece
00:18:24 - it together.
00:18:25 - The lab kits, they look beautiful, but you're paying
00:18:28 - for the beauty.
00:18:28 - So it's up to you.
00:18:31 - So once you build that lab and once you are continuing
00:18:33 - through the series, dig deeper.
00:18:35 - You're going to see topics, where, I know, I'm going to
00:18:38 - leave it hanging, almost purposely so, because I know
00:18:40 - if I say one more thing, we're going to open up a whole can
00:18:43 - of things that goes way outside the scope.
00:18:46 - But these two just go together.
00:18:49 - The more that you dig and the more that you learn, the more
00:18:52 - you're going to love Cisco Voice.
00:18:54 - When I first got into, like I said, it was
00:18:56 - like hitting a wall.
00:18:57 - And my initial reaction to hitting a wall is
00:19:01 - I don't like this.
00:19:03 - I had the little cheap excuse and I
00:19:06 - laugh at myself nowadays.
00:19:08 - I used to be like, well, I'm a Cisco guy, I'm not going to
00:19:10 - make phones ring.
00:19:11 - I mean, come on, I'm a Cisco guy.
00:19:15 - And I was just making an excuse of who has time for
00:19:19 - that voice technology, simply because on the inside, I
00:19:22 - didn't get it.
00:19:23 - And I was scared of it.
00:19:24 - And I didn't feel confident in that area.
00:19:28 - And once you do this, once you dig deeper, and keep going in
00:19:31 - this series, and you jot down the key information, you
00:19:33 - really start mastering some of this technology.
00:19:36 - That's where you're like, this is really cool.
00:19:39 - I'm going to go home and tell my wife or my
00:19:42 - husband about this.
00:19:43 - This is great.
00:19:44 - I want to set up my house for voice-over-IP.
00:19:47 - That's a good idea.
00:19:48 - Matter of fact, I would suggest you do that.
00:19:51 - When I first got start in voice-over-IP, this was
00:19:53 - actually before I was married.
00:19:55 - Today-- did you know what?
00:19:56 - Today, it's November 9, it's my 10-year anniversary to my
00:20:01 - lovely wife.
00:20:03 - But before I was married, I actually ran cables down the
00:20:09 - hall, duct taped them.
00:20:10 - Seriously, I was not a good cabling guy, I'm not
00:20:13 - good with my hands.
00:20:14 - And so I would run RJ11, RJ45 down the hall, with literally
00:20:19 - duct tape on the hallway walls.
00:20:21 - And put voice-over-IP phones in the kitchen
00:20:24 - and things like that.
00:20:24 - And I actually set up my whole house for voice-over-IP.
00:20:28 - Which you're kind of like, OK, cheesy, but think about it,
00:20:32 - what's the difference between your bedroom and a cubicle?
00:20:35 - Just a location, one small and doesn't have a bed in it.
00:20:38 - But a cubicle has an IP phone and so does your bedroom now,
00:20:41 - and so does your guest room, and so does kitchen.
00:20:42 - And now you have internal calling, now you can dial 9
00:20:44 - and dial an outside line, now you can receive calls, route
00:20:47 - them the right place, have all the phones ring at ones, set a
00:20:49 - voice mail to auto attendants, when somebody calls your house
00:20:52 - and says, thank you for calling the Cioara residence,
00:20:55 - dial your extension or hit 1 for--
00:20:58 - Think of the stuff that you could do.
00:20:59 - It's cheesy, yes.
00:21:01 - By the time it's said and done, you're going to be like,
00:21:04 - that's pretty cool.
00:21:04 - And now you've got the confidence to go and--
00:21:07 - no, OK, advice number three, when you're at the job
00:21:09 - interview, and they're like, well, what kind of Cisco
00:21:12 - experience?
00:21:12 - I set up my house once.
00:21:17 - Just spin it a little bit differently.
00:21:20 - But you get the point-- it's the same equipment, it's the
00:21:22 - same technology, it's just the location.
00:21:25 - So put all these things together as you move into
00:21:28 - CVOICE and have an awesome experience.
00:21:31 - You're going to learn a lot, you're going to really be able
00:21:33 - to explore the Cisco voice world quite a bit.
00:21:37 - So I hope this has been informative for you.
00:21:38 - And I'd like to thank you for viewing.

Voice Gateways: The Bridge Between Worlds

Voice Gateways: Understanding Analog Voice Ports

Voice Gateways: Understanding Digital Voice Ports

Voice Gateways: Handling Echo, Cross Connect, Timers and Verification

Voice Gateways: Voice CODECs and DSP Resources

VoIP Foundations: How Spoken Voice Becomes a Packet

Dial Peers: Understanding and Using Dial-Peers

Dial Peers: Wildcards and Voice Route Matching

Dial Peers: End-to-End Practical Scenario

Dial Peers: Overlapping, Hunting, and Basic Manipulation

Advanced Dial Plans: Digit Manipulation and Transformation

Advanced Dial Plans: Configuring, Applying, and Testing Digit Manipulation

Advanced Dial Plans: Calling Privileges with Class of Restriction (COR)

CME: IP Phones, VLANs, and Communication

CME: Base Configuration

CME: Ephones and Ephone-DNs, Part 1

CME: Ephones and Ephone-DNs, Part 2

CME: SIP Phones, Ephone Types, Codecs, and Verification

Voice Protocols: At the Core

Voice Protocols: H.323

Voice Protocols: SIP

Voice Protocols: MGCP

Cisco Unified Border Element: The Voice Gateway of Voice Gateways

Quality of Service: The Missing Ingredient

Quality of Service: CoS, ToS, DSCP, and Trust Boundaries

Quality of Service: Queuing with CBWFQ and LLQ

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Jeremy Cioara

Jeremy Cioara

CBT Nuggets Trainer

Cisco CCNA, CCDA, CCNA Security, CCNA Voice, CCNP, CCSP, CCVP, CCDP, CCIE R&S; Amazon Web Services CSA; Microsoft MCP, MCSE, Novell CNA, CNE; CompTIA A+, Network+, iNet+

Area of Expertise:
Cisco network administration and development. Author or coauthor of numerous books, including: CCNA Voice 640-461 Official Cert Guide; CCNA Voice Official Exam Certification Guide (640-460 IIUC); CCENT Exam Prep (Exam 640-822); CCNA Exam Cram (Exam 640-802) 3rd Edition; and CCNA Voice 640-461 Official Cert Guide.

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