Cisco CCNA ICND2 640-816

IPv6: Configuring, Routing, and Interoperating

by Jeremy Cioara

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Video Title Duration

Review: Rebuilding the Small Office Network, Part 1

Review: Rebuilding the Small Office Network, Part 2

Review: Rebuilding the Small Office Network, Part 3

Switch VLANs: Understanding VLANs

Switch VLANs: Understanding Trunks and VTP

Switch VLANs: Configuring VLANs and VTP, Part 1

Switch VLANs: Configuring VLANs and VTP, Part 2

Switch STP: Understanding the Spanning-Tree Protocol

Switch STP: Configuring Basic STP

Switch STP: Enhancements to STP

General Switching: Troubleshooting and Security Best Practices

Subnetting: Understanding VLSM

Routing Protocols: Distance Vector vs. Link State

Routing Protocols: OSPF Concepts

Routing Protocols: OSPF Configuration and Troubleshooting

Routing Protocols: EIGRP Concepts and Configuration

Access-Lists: The Rules of the ACL

Access-Lists: Configuring ACLs

Access-Lists: Configuring ACLs, Part 2

NAT: Understanding the Three Styles of NAT

NAT: Command-line NAT Configuration

WAN Connections: Concepts of VPN Technology

WAN Connections: Implementing PPP Authentication

WAN Connections: Understanding Frame Relay

WAN Connections: Configuring Frame Relay

IPv6: Understanding Basic Concepts and Addressing

IPv6: Configuring, Routing, and Interoperating

00:00:00 - ..
00:00:04 - let's set it up on the router. We're going to start off by
00:00:08 - assigning and IP version six address to our routers enabling
00:00:12 - the protocol itself and then going in and saying this will
00:00:14 - be the IP address or IPV6 address that we will use. We will then
00:00:19 - look at how the routing protocols have evolved to support IP
00:00:22 - version six and we will go do the base configuration of
00:00:27 - RIPng.
00:00:29 - Can you believe it RIP made its way into the IP version
00:00:32 - world, it survived. It is now called the RIP next generation,
00:00:37 - but it still works the same, it 's good old RIP,
00:00:39 - and then we're going to finally wrap things up by talking about
00:00:42 - the IP version four to IP version six migration strategies.
00:00:46 - So there is going to be a certain cut on the internet where everybody
00:00:48 - has to switch over, we will look at that.
00:00:51 - I am going to use of very simple topology to demonstrate configuring
00:00:56 - IP version six addresses, just because this is the first
00:00:59 - time we're seeing it and I would like to keep the focus not so much on
00:01:01 - a large network as I am on the commands to set up by IP version six.
00:01:05 - Now before we get into the config, let's talk about what
00:01:09 - is on this diagram right here. I've got two routers,
00:01:13 - router one and router two; these happen to be the same two routers I used to demonstrate
00:01:17 - frame relay, so there is a frame relay cloud sitting in the
00:01:20 - middle of this, which I just have represented as a WAN link here.
00:01:23 - Now on the LAN of router one, you can see this is the LAN
00:01:27 - side, I have decided to use a unique local addressing scheme,
00:01:31 - that's the private addresses in IP version six, that all start
00:01:35 - with 1FE0. So 1FE0 is mandated, essentially
00:01:41 - that is what says this address is private. Just like when we
00:01:46 - put address private networks IP version four, we say
00:01:49 - it has to start with ten or 1.2.16
00:01:52 - kind of thing. Here we have to start with IFE0. Now
00:01:57 - I have VIN designated the subnet as one one one one over
00:02:01 - here. You can see that based on my sub-net mask; remember each one
00:02:05 - of these are octets is 16 bits of information. If I were
00:02:10 - saying 172.16.0.0 and this represented
00:02:15 - the sub-net, I would do a /16 because each one
00:02:19 - of these represents eight bits of information. So the same thing
00:02:23 - over here, just a bigger address, this represents myself IFE0111
00:02:26 - So that means every client that
00:02:31 - is on this network would have to have an address that starts
00:02:34 - with 1FE0:1111: then it would
00:02:38 - be something else that would designate the client itself.
00:02:43 - Now let me just clear this off here, you can see that I have designated
00:02:47 - ::1 as the address; this is going
00:02:51 - to be the IP address of this interface on router one. Now on
00:02:55 - the WAN link I have used one of the global scopes 2001:210:10:1::1
00:03:01 - and the same thing over here 210:10:1::2
00:03:06 - with this 64 byte
00:03:10 - sub-net mask. Remember each one of these are
00:03:16 - but my mind just blanked out, 16 bytes, 16 bytes a piece,
00:03:20 - so add all those up and that gives us the 64 the
00:03:23 - ::1 represents the host portion, ::2 over here. So that's
00:03:28 - on addressing the WAN link. Now over on the right side same thing
00:03:31 - as the left side IFE0 private addressing, sub-net 2222
00:03:35 - so that they give you an idea of how sub-netting looks
00:03:39 - in IP version six. Now let's set it up and then start on
00:03:43 - router one and on all of the routers that we used today, we have
00:03:47 - to turn on the TCP/IP version six protocol from global
00:03:50 - config mode. Now in the old days when we, in the old days back
00:03:56 - ten years ago, when we used routers that commonly had IP
00:04:00 - access IP and so on, TCIP wasn't initially enabled
00:04:04 - on the router until you typed in IP routing.
00:04:07 - We used to have to type that command on all the routers, but now on the
00:04:11 - newer routers that command is typed in by default for us, so we
00:04:14 - don't have to type anymore. But for IP version six, we have to
00:04:17 - do the same thing we used to do for version four, IPV6 and
00:04:22 - then we type in unicast-routing, because we have multi-cast
00:04:27 - and any cast and all those different types. This is going
00:04:30 - to be doing unit cast routing, that's like a power switch on
00:04:33 - router one, I've turned it on; now I can get under my interfaces
00:04:38 - go into interface fast/0
00:04:42 - and we can see that IFE0:1111::1/32
00:04:47 - is our address, so I'll type in IP
00:04:51 - just like we're assigning an IP address, but IPV6
00:04:56 - address. See these similarities, check that, look at that we've got
00:05:01 - link local address, if we want to assign, that's for communicating on local
00:05:05 - sub-net or what is the real address we would like to assign.
00:05:08 - Let me scoot this down so I can remember. I am going to have trouble remembering
00:05:12 - these addresses when we make this move, it;s going to be
00:05:16 - IFE0:111::
00:05:19 - notice it even says you
00:05:23 - can use the double :: in this; ::1/32
00:05:28 - enter. I have now assigned a monumental moment, shed a tear,
00:05:34 - I have now assigned an IP version six; we've made the move, starting to move
00:05:38 - IP version six addressing
00:05:40 - to my router. Now I am going to exit out of here and let's go under the serial
00:05:43 - interface, this is still set up for frame relay, so it's actually
00:05:46 - interface 00/0.102;
00:05:52 - that's not it, oh sorry, it's 01/0.102.
00:05:57 - I am going to assign the, I screwed up a little
00:06:02 - bit here so I can still see the address
00:06:04 - IPV6 address
00:06:08 - 2001:210:10:1::1/64
00:06:15 - to that interface.
00:06:18 - Look at that I assigned the second IP version six address. Isn't this
00:06:23 - kind of cool, we are stepping into the future. Now I can verify
00:06:27 - show IPV6 interface and I can even go in here and say I want
00:06:33 - to do the brief, you know my show IP interface brief, show IPV6
00:06:36 - interface brief. Looks a little different, you can see there's
00:06:40 - my fast season at 0/0, it gives the link local address
00:06:44 - of that and the assigned IP address that I put in their right
00:06:48 - FE80, sorry I got that backwards, this
00:06:54 - is the link local address. You may remember FE80 designate
00:06:57 - link local; this is the mac address 214.ICFF with
00:07:03 - FF in the middle. If you want you can jump back
00:07:07 - and go to the concepts again, where I explained that link local
00:07:10 - address, this is the second half of the mac address. So you can
00:07:13 - see that assigned and then this is the one I manually assigned
00:07:16 - to the interface. Up here on the serial interface, there is the
00:07:19 - link local address for the serial interface and there's the
00:07:24 - one I manually assigned to the serial interface. So we can see
00:07:27 - we've got IP version six happening now. Now let's jump down to router
00:07:33 - two; do the same thing IPV6 unicast-routing turn it on,
00:07:41 - get into my interface fast ethernet 0/2, router two is
00:07:46 - ethernet 0/0.
00:07:49 - IPV6 address and that was
00:07:56 - IFE0:222::1/32
00:08:01 - as it's sub-net mask under interface serial
00:08:06 - 0/0.201 was the sub interface
00:08:10 - that was it and I'm going to assign, I am going to do
00:08:16 - let's to this, shrink this down like that, there we go IPV6
00:08:23 - address for that is going to be 2001:210:10:1::2/64
00:08:28 - We now have IPV6 configured
00:08:35 - and working on our WAN link between those two routers.
00:08:39 - To test it, we can ping, ping is still around IPV6.
00:08:45 - We just need to go to privilege mode. We're going to get used
00:08:47 - to typing V6 on things, ping, question mark and it says you
00:08:52 - can using IPV6 and then it says type in the address that you'd like
00:08:56 - to ping. I'm on my on router two right now, so I would like to ping
00:09:00 - 2001:210:10:1, it's not as fun to
00:09:06 - type these though, I'll tell you that.
00:09:08 - ::1 and hit enter; check it out we've got pings on IP version
00:09:15 - six going through our frame relay cloud and I was able to ping
00:09:19 - router one. Let's do the same thing, I'll do ping IPV6
00:09:23 - see if I can get to IFE0:1111::1
00:09:29 - and I'm not giving there. The reason why as you very well
00:09:33 - know by this point is because router two doesn't know about
00:09:36 - that network because it's not directly connected and we need
00:09:39 - a routing protocol.
00:09:42 - Now in IP version six we can do use static routes, global
00:09:46 - config mode IPV6 route instead of IP route, now to enter those
00:09:50 - but nearly every routing protocol that exists has also
00:09:54 - been updated to support IPV6. RIP next generation is what we are going to
00:09:59 - configure in here, but they also have OSPF version three, that's
00:10:03 - the next version, IS european version IS for IP version six. Those
00:10:07 - of been modified and BGP which is the routing protocol of
00:10:11 - the internet has now become multi-protocol BGP which supports
00:10:15 - not only IPV four addressing, but IPV6 addressing as
00:10:20 - well. So with that let me show you how to configure RIP next generation
00:10:26 - for our network so we can get some routing tables going on.
00:10:30 - I am going to bring us back up, I have got router two right here in and
00:10:34 - if I wanted to start the RIP process, I need to go into global config
00:10:38 - mode and instead of broader RIP, I type in IPV6 router
00:10:43 - hoops
00:10:45 - RIP, followed by a tag. Now this is just a string identifying the process,
00:10:51 - it's anything that you want, you can put a name, you could put
00:10:54 - number and you can put the anything there, it just identifies the RIP process.
00:10:59 - I'll just put one as my tag, but I'll need to remember that tag because
00:11:04 - we will need it when we start turning on the networks, oh
00:11:08 - and I haven't told you yet,
00:11:10 - that's all you have to do under the router process. The network
00:11:14 - statement is gone.
00:11:17 - This is great because the network statements has always
00:11:21 - been the most difficult thing for me to teach. I am completely
00:11:24 - selfish on this because it boggles everybody's
00:11:27 - mind when they are thinking, okay you use the network command to turn
00:11:31 - on RIP for the interfaces, well what do you mean. So you
00:11:34 - type network and it has to identify the interfaces that way. That's weird,
00:11:38 - it takes people a little while to catch on to the network
00:11:41 - statement that turns on RIP; now they've done what's logical.
00:11:46 - If you want to turn on a RIP for interface all you have to
00:11:49 - do is go under the interface on router two interface ethernet
00:11:53 - 0/0, that's the connecting to the LAN over here and you turn
00:11:57 - on that interface for RIP. I would say IPV6 RIP, you type
00:12:02 - in what tag, one, and then you type in enable, enter. That now
00:12:09 - turns on RP for the this interface and it's sending out
00:12:12 - hellos, well not hellos, but broadcast multi-cast traffic out
00:12:16 - that interface to say hello everybody I know about this network
00:12:20 - and its advertising this network and its advertisement. So I
00:12:23 - need to go under my interface 00/0.201
00:12:27 - frame relay interface and also type in IPV6 RIP one, enable.
00:12:33 - I go under the interfaces that I want to turn RIP on and just
00:12:37 - type in enable underneath there. Let's go onto router one
00:12:41 - and go on the global config mode; IPV6 router RIP and give
00:12:48 - it a tag and I'll stick with one. That's all we need to do
00:12:51 - to turn it on, I go underneath my interfaces, router one has fast ethernet 0/0
00:12:55 - and type in IPV6 RIP one enable,
00:13:01 - turn on RIP for that interface and interface serial 0/1/0.102
00:13:06 - which is my sub-net interface connecting the
00:13:10 - router two over frame relay.
00:13:12 - Hit the up arrow and I'm good. I now have RIP fully enabled on router
00:13:17 - one and router two.
00:13:19 - Now before I do the exciting ping attempt to router two's LAN
00:13:23 - interface, I wanted to show some of the verification commands. I
00:13:27 - can type show IPV6 RIP to see the process and see what's
00:13:32 - going on. It shows RIP process one, it's part of this multi-cast group,
00:13:36 - because remember you don't send broadcasts to ninety version six,
00:13:39 - you multi-casts, so this will be kind of its broadcasts address it is sending
00:13:43 - to you. Administrative distance is still the same, that's believability.
00:13:47 - Updates once every 30 seconds and it's working for these
00:13:50 - two interfaces. I am going to type in, remember the show IP RIP, oh
00:13:56 - sorry show IP route command; I am going to type in show IPV6 route to see
00:14:01 - the version six routing table and you can see that we have
00:14:06 - all of these routes that are being sent, we've got the keys
00:14:13 - appearing, connected interface, this is linked local connected, you
00:14:16 - know, connected.
00:14:19 - I am pondering here because I am not not seeing my RIP route from
00:14:23 - the router two; that's not good. Hang on let's look on router two, show IPV6 route,
00:14:31 - now wait a sec, it's got it there;
00:14:39 - hmm, well let's hang on router two for a second, because I've got one
00:14:45 - working. We've got router two right here that has learned about your RIP
00:14:49 - IFEO:1111 you see that right here.
00:14:53 - It learned about that from router one administrative distance of
00:14:56 - 120 two hops to get there. So
00:15:01 - it says via this, this is the next hop address, it's a link local
00:15:05 - address on 00/0/201 that's the frame
00:15:09 - relay link. Let me just go back up to router one, show IPV6
00:15:13 - route; interesting, I wonder why router one isn't learning that.
00:15:21 - Let me verify my config on router two. Let's do show run interface
00:15:27 - ethernet 0/0.
00:15:30 - Oh, ladies and gentlemen the interface is shut down. It's
00:15:37 - easy fix, I am going to go to ethernet 0/0 and do a no shut down
00:15:43 - and now we should have that interface come back on line.
00:15:48 - There we go and now let me jump back up to
00:15:53 - router one, show IPV6 route; there it is, that's
00:16:00 - it the RIP out IFE0:2222, which is the route
00:16:03 - sitting behind router two over here. Now let's do a ping, we've got
00:16:08 - a ping, ping IPV6
00:16:15 - 1FE0:2222::1,
00:16:21 - that's the LAN interface of router two. There it is, we have a successful ping.
00:16:26 - Let's try trace route, IPV6 and I'm sure with these addresses
00:16:31 - I'll be used to cutting and pasting, copy and paste.
00:16:36 - Wasn't very exciting, but one hop to get there. We went through
00:16:40 - router two, 2001:210:10:1:2, router two and then
00:16:45 - it was able to reach that address. So you can see all these
00:16:49 - commands have been modified to support IPV6.
00:16:53 - The last thing and like to talk about in IP version six is
00:16:57 - the migration strategy. How does one migrate to IPV6? Well
00:17:04 - technology exists right now to provide a smooth non pressure
00:17:09 - to transition, meaning the internet is slowly moving over to
00:17:13 - the internet version two. Companies are going to upgrade to IP version
00:17:16 - six, but the developers of this protocol and the developers
00:17:20 - of the internet to, didn't want this to be like a Y2K
00:17:23 - sort of crisis where all of a sudden on this date we're going to
00:17:27 - be making the big cut over and if you don't meet the the standards
00:17:30 - by this date your cut off, you can't access the internet anymore.
00:17:34 - It's going to be a smooth non pressured. The way that we can
00:17:37 - do it, there's three different strategies. Number one is by using
00:17:40 - dual stack routers.
00:17:43 - What we can do is go in here and set up a router that runs
00:17:49 - both protocols at the same time, IP version four and IP version
00:17:53 - version six. The router can have an IP version four internet
00:17:57 - will be around for quite some time to come, but the broader
00:18:00 - can have one link over there and one linked to the IP version
00:18:03 - six internet or internet two and as we slowly migrate our clients
00:18:08 - one by one, we have IP version called for clients, they can
00:18:12 - keep using the IP version four internet and IP version six
00:18:15 - clients will be able to use the new version six internet and
00:18:17 - we can slowly phase in phases my greater clients over. Now you
00:18:22 - might be wondering, well will there be like this great
00:18:26 - divide on the internet, where like half the sites are on the
00:18:29 - version four and half the sites are on version six; the answer is no
00:18:33 - because the internet service providers are going to be doing
00:18:36 - translations for us, meaning ISPs will offer connections
00:18:41 - to both and if you're a version four clients and you are on
00:18:44 - a version four internet through the ISP and all of a sudden you
00:18:47 - access the site that's only available on the version six, there'll
00:18:51 - be a system of the NAT, which we'll talk about just a moment
00:18:55 - that will allow you to go through a router in get NATTED out
00:18:59 - to the version six internet and likewise if you're version
00:19:02 - six client out here and you need to access the website that's
00:19:05 - only available on version four, you will kind of NAT through or translate
00:19:09 - through to the version four website and communicate with that.
00:19:13 - You will be able to reach that information. What the websites
00:19:18 - and in powers that be on the websites themselves will have
00:19:23 - websites that are assigned version four and version six addresses,
00:19:27 - so that
00:19:29 - this is a four, version four version six addresses
00:19:32 - so that they are accessible from both networks. So that's
00:19:36 - the first system is to have dual stack routers. The second
00:19:41 - one is going to be doing tunneling, meaning maybe you've got
00:19:44 - a version six internet that you are connecting to and your internal
00:19:49 - networks over here are still only running version four. Well you
00:19:53 - can create a type of tunnel which is kind of like a VPN through
00:19:59 - the over version six internet, let me just get my drawings right
00:20:03 - here through the version six internet that allows the version
00:20:06 - four protocol to work through there and communicate between
00:20:10 - these two version four networks; that will allow you, you know,
00:20:13 - even after the internet has moved to version six it will allow
00:20:17 - you to have your network still using version four and
00:20:21 - likewise, you know, maybe the internet hasn't moved to version six yet.
00:20:25 - We are still using a version four for internet. Well, you could tunnel
00:20:29 - your version six networks if you migrated your networks over
00:20:34 - to version six, through the version four internet,
00:20:38 - this is version four and allow you to run version six on your
00:20:41 - networks and tunnel through the existing internet. That is
00:20:45 - what a lot of agencies are doing overseas that have begun the
00:20:48 - migration to version six, places like Japan and China have a
00:20:52 - huge step forward in version six. Over in the United States they're
00:20:55 - running version six right now and tunneling through version
00:20:58 - four internet for most of their networks. Last but not least
00:21:02 - is NAT PT. NAT PT stands for NAT Protocol Translation.
00:21:11 - This is a specially tweaked version of NAT that can go between
00:21:16 - version four and version six protocols. So if I'm running IP version
00:21:20 - six on my internal network and connecting to the version four
00:21:23 - internet, I can NAT between those two and allow my version six clients
00:21:29 - to surf the web over here. Likewise if I have, you know, version
00:21:33 - four over here and I have not upgraded version six and the
00:21:37 - whole internet changes over and only version six internet is
00:21:41 - left, I can NAT between my version for IPV4 network and
00:21:46 - IPV6 and not really suffer any major disadvantages. Static
00:21:51 - that will work, NAT overload will work; it's just like, you know,
00:21:55 - NAT as we know it. So the cool news is, yes the internet
00:21:59 - two is out there, it's been out there for years and it slowly
00:22:03 - overtaking the world like a virus, piece by piece, network
00:22:07 - by network the internet two is growing larger and larger. In
00:22:11 - the internet that we know today the internet version four is
00:22:14 - shrinking smaller and smaller and smaller. I guess technically that's not true,
00:22:18 - it's always growing, but it will eventually shrink smaller
00:22:21 - and smaller until all that's left is the internet two where
00:22:24 - IP version six internet. At that point NAT once again comes
00:22:28 - to save the day, allowing us to run either version of the protocol
00:22:32 - on ether network.
00:22:34 - That should give you a really good idea of IP version six,
00:22:38 - what it is and where we're going with it. So let's review, we
00:22:42 - talked about assigning IPV6 addresses to your router, very similar
00:22:47 - to IPV4, we just type in IPV6 and follow it up with that
00:22:51 - address and what our address is. It's getting used to those addresses
00:22:55 - that is always going to take the time. We looked at the new routing protocol,
00:22:58 - seeing that every routing protocol has been updated to work
00:23:02 - with IP version six, including RIP version, I was going to say version six, RIP
00:23:07 - NG, next generation and we even went through and set up the
00:23:11 - base configuration of RIP to exchange IPV6 routes on our
00:23:15 - network. Finally, we just looked at all the IPV4 version
00:23:19 - six migration strategies, non pressure is the key. People will
00:23:23 - be able to move to IP version six as they get the expertise
00:23:28 - and as their network equipment allow them. I hope this is
00:23:32 - has been informative for you and I'd like to thank you for viewing.

Certification: Some Last Words for Test Takers

Advanced TCP/IP: Working with Binary

Advanced TCP/IP: IP Subnetting, Part 1

Advanced TCP/IP: IP Subnetting, Part 2

Advanced TCP/IP: IP Subnetting, Part 3

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Jeremy Cioara

Jeremy Cioara

CBT Nuggets Trainer

Certifications:
Cisco CCNA, CCDA, CCNA Security, CCNA Voice, CCNP, CCSP, CCVP, CCDP, CCIE R&S; Amazon Web Services CSA; Microsoft MCP, MCSE, Novell CNA, CNE; CompTIA A+, Network+, iNet+

Area Of Expertise:
Cisco network administration and development. Author or coauthor of numerous books, including: CCNA Voice 640-461 Official Cert Guide; CCNA Voice Official Exam Certification Guide (640-460 IIUC); CCENT Exam Prep (Exam 640-822); CCNA Exam Cram (Exam 640-802) 3rd Edition; and CCNA Voice 640-461 Official Cert Guide.


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